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Figure 1: Totally extraperitoneal repair. (a) Creation of pre-peritoneal space with vertical arrow showing suprapubic port inserted under vision. (b) Horizontal arrow showing hernia sac being separated from spermatic cord structures

Figure 1: Totally extraperitoneal repair. (a) Creation of pre-peritoneal space with vertical arrow showing suprapubic port inserted under vision. (b) Horizontal arrow showing hernia sac being separated from spermatic cord structures