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   2020| April-June  | Volume 16 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 11, 2020

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Robotic-assisted surgery for colorectal liver metastasis: A single-centre experience
Simone Guadagni, Niccolò Furbetta, Gregorio Di Franco, Matteo Palmeri, Desirée Gianardi, Matteo Bianchini, Martina Guadagnucci, Luca Pollina, Gianluca Masi, Chiara Cremolini, Alfredo Falcone, Franco Mosca, Giulio Di Candio, Luca Morelli
April-June 2020, 16(2):160-165
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_265_18  PMID:30777992
Background: Although minimally invasive surgery (MIS) of the liver is increasingly widespread, its role in the treatment of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) remains uncertain. In this setting, the role of robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) has not been significantly evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to report our experience with RAS for treatment of CRLM. Material and Methods: Prospectively collected surgical and oncologic data on all of the robotic-assisted liver resections for CRLM performed at our centre were retrieved from the institutional database and retrospectively analysed. Intra-operative ultrasound (US) was obtained with a dedicated robotic probe using the TilePro™ function. Results: Twenty patients underwent robotic-assisted resection of CRLM between May 2012 and April 2018. Six patients (30%) had multiple synchronous CRLM resections (median = 2; range 2–4). The tumour size averaged 3.0 ± 1.8 cm. All of the lesions were removed using a parenchymal-sparing approach, with R0 resection margins. Mean hospital stay was 4.7 ± 1.8 days. The mean follow-up was 22.5 ± 19.5 months. During the study period, there were no local recurrences, while 9 patients (45%) developed new systemic metastasis. All patients are still alive as of September 2018 with 1- and 3-year disease-free survival of 89.5% and 35.8%, respectively. Conclusions: In our experience, RAS for CRLM surgical treatment was feasible and played a positive role even in patients with multiple metastases and previous or synchronous surgery. RAS seemed to be oncologically effective in this setting, as no patients experienced local relapse in the treated area.
  3,777 83 -
Endoscopic cystogastrostomy versus surgical cystogastrostomy in the management of acute pancreatic pseudocysts
Sundeep Singh Saluja, Siddharth Srivastava, S Hari Govind, Amol Dahale, Barjesh Chander Sharma, Pramod Kumar Mishra
April-June 2020, 16(2):126-131
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_109_18  PMID:30777987
Background: Studies comparing surgical versus endoscopic drainage of pseudocyst customarily include patients with both acute and chronic pseudocysts and the endoscopic modalities used for drainage are protean. We compared the outcomes following endoscopic cystogastrostomy (ECG) and surgical cystogastrostomy (SCG) in patients with acute pseudocyst. Methods: Seventy-three patients with acute pseudocyst requiring drainage from 2011 to 2014 were analysed (18 patients excluded: transpapillary drainage n = 15; cystojejunostomy n = 3). The remaining 55 patients were divided into two groups, ECG n = 35 and SCG n = 20, and their outcomes (technical success, successful drainage, complication rate and hospital stay) were compared. Results: The technical success (31/35 [89%] vs. 20/20 [100%] P = 0.28), complication rate (10/35 [28.6%] vs. 2/20 [10%]; P = 0.17) and median hospital stay (6.5 days [range 2–12] vs. 5 days [range 3–12]; P = 0.22) were comparable in both the groups, except successful drainage which was higher in surgical group (27/35 [78%] vs. 20/20 [100%] P = 0.04). The conversion rate to surgical procedure was 17%. The location of cyst towards tail of pancreas and presence of necrosis were the main causes of technical failure and failure of successful endoscopic drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Surgical drainage albeit remains the gold standard for management of pseudocyst drainage; endoscopic drainage should be considered a first-line treatment in patients with acute pseudocyst considering the reasonably good success rate.
  3,045 125 -
Laparoscopic caudate lobe resection for the treatment of hepatolithiasis
Zheng Siming, Zhu Jie, Li Hong, Wang Haibiao
April-June 2020, 16(2):106-110
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_194_18  PMID:30618421
Background: To explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic caudate lobe (CL) resection for the treatment of hepatolithiasis. Methods: A retrospective study of nine patients who received laparoscopic CL resection for treatment of hepatolithiasis in our hospital from January 2013 to April 2017. Of these cases, we studied the patients' demographic data, the operation time, blood loss, post-operative hospital stay, post-operative complications and prognosis. Results: All the nine cases are performed successfully; the post-operative recovery was symptom free except for one case of post-operative bile leakage. Among them, there were six cases of CL resection in combination with other lobe, three cases of separate CL resection, and three cases of whole CL resection. The average operative time was 310 min (Range: 180–450 min), the average intraoperative blood loss was 530 ml (Range: 100–1000 ml), average post-operative hospital stay was 9 days (Range: 6–13 days), average total hospital stay was 10 days (Range: 9–19 days). Intraoperative calculi exhaustion rate was 66.7% (6/9), which at the end of treatment was 88.9% (8/9). No cases had calculi recurrence. Conclusion: The application of laparoscopic CL resection is feasible and safe.
  2,871 135 -
Influence of pregabalin on post-operative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Dan Zhang, Guangqiang You, Xiaoxiao Yao
April-June 2020, 16(2):99-105
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_209_18  PMID:30618423
Background: Pregabalin may have some potential in reducing post-operative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, the results remain controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of pregabalin on post-operative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO and Cochrane Library databases have been systematically searched. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of pregabalin versus placebo on post-operative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy are included. The primary outcomes are pain scores at 8–12 h and 20–24 h. Secondary outcomes include sedation score, intraoperative fentanyl requirement, post-operative analgesic requirement, operative duration, post-operative nausea and vomiting, as well as respiratory depression. This meta-analysis is performed using the random-effect model. Results: Eight RCTs involving 528 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control intervention after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, pregabalin treatment is found to significantly reduce pain scores at 20–24 h (Standard Mean difference [Std. MD] = −0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI] = −0.82–−0.10), and post-operative analgesic requirement (Std. MD = −2.64; 95% CI = −3.94–−1.33), but cannot substantially decrease pain scores at 8–12 h (Std. MD = −0.71; 95% CI = −1.70–0.27). In addition, pregabalin results in improved sedation score (Std. MD = 0.92; 95% CI = 0.55–1.29), but has no remarkable influence on intraoperative fentanyl requirement (Std. MD = 0.04; 95% CI = −0.30–0.39), operative duration (Std. MD = 0.34; 95% CI = −0.10–0.77), post-operative nausea and vomiting (Std. MD = 0.79; 95% CI = 0.59–1.11) as well as respiratory depression (Std. MD = 0.71; 95% CI = 0.17–3.02). Conclusions: Compared to control intervention after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, pregabalin treatment can significantly decrease pain scores at 20–24 h and post-operative analgesic requirement, with no increase in adverse events.
  2,517 121 -
Laparoscopic suture-less herniotomy using tissue-sealing device for paediatric hydrocele
Shashikant Verma, Vikesh Agrawal, Himanshu Acharya, Dhananjaya Sharma
April-June 2020, 16(2):111-114
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_251_18  PMID:30618434
Introduction: Laparoscopic herniotomy (LH) for hydrocele is an accepted procedure and provides advantages of contralateral diagnosis and repair with the same incisions. The suturing of patent processus vaginalis is associated with various complications. We describe suture-less herniotomy using tissue-sealing device for LH of hydrocele in children. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on a prospective group of 21 children presenting with hydrocele after 1 year age over a period of 2 years. All infants with hydrocele and complicated hydroceles were excluded. The technique involved peritoneal incision and sealing of hydrocele sac with tissue-sealing device. Results: A total of 21 patients (28 hydroceles) were operated. The age ranged from 1 year to 14 years (mean age, 4 years). Ten right, 4 left and 7 bilateral hydroceles (2 diagnosed on laparoscopy) were operated. Operative time ranged from 15 to 32 min, with a mean time of 18 min. All patients were discharged after a hospital stay of 12 h. No recurrences were observed during the follow-up period. One patient had persistent hydrocele for 4 months which resolved spontaneously. Conclusion: The laparoscopic suture-less herniotomy for paediatric hydrocele is a safe, secure and easy procedure which can reduce suture and suturing-related complications following LH in hydroceles.
  2,474 125 -
Adenocarcinoma of oesophagus involving gastro-oesophageal junction following mini-gastric bypass/one anastomosis gastric bypass
Sandeep Aggarwal, Amit Bhambri, Vitish Singla, Nihar Ranjan Dash, Atul Sharma
April-June 2020, 16(2):175-178
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_320_18  PMID:30777997
Mini-gastric bypass/one anastomosis gastric bypass (MGB/OAGB) is an emerging weight loss surgical procedure. There are serious concerns not only regarding the symptomatic biliary reflux into the stomach and the oesophagus but also the increased risk of malignancy after MGB/OAGB. A 54-year-old male, with a body mass index (BMI) of 46.1 kg/m2, underwent Robotic MGB at another centre on 22nd June 2016. His pre-operative upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was not done. He lost 58 kg within 18 months after the surgery and attained a BMI of 25.1 kg/m2. However, 2-year post-MGB, the patient had rapid weight loss of 19 kg with a decrease in BMI to 18.3 kg/m2 within a span of 2 months. He also developed progressive dysphagia and had recurrent episodes of non-bilious vomiting. His endoscopy showed eccentric ulcerated growth in lower oesophagus extending up to the gastro-oesophageal junction and biopsy reported adenocarcinoma of oesophagus. MGB/OAGB has a potential for bile reflux with increased chances of malignancy. Surveillance by endoscopy at regular intervals for all patients who have undergone MGB/OAGB might help in early detection of Barrett's oesophagus or carcinoma of oesophagus or stomach.
  2,383 98 -
Laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cancer and the risk factors of lymph node metastasis
Jie Jiao, Peiming Guo, Sanyuan Hu, Qingsi He, Shaozhuang Liu, Haifeng Han, A Maimaiti, Wenbin Yu
April-June 2020, 16(2):138-143
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_296_18  PMID:30777995
Objective: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is one of the important prognostic factors of early gastric cancer (EGC). Moreover, LNM is also important when choosing therapeutic intervention for EGC patients. The purpose of this study is to explore the risk factors of LNM in EGC and to discuss the corresponding treatment. Design: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 253 patients with EGC who underwent surgical therapy in our department between 2012 and 2015. Univariate analysis and Multivariate Cox regression were used to evaluate the independent risk factors of LNM. Results: LNM was present in 38 cases among 253 patients (15%). Univariate analysis showed an obvious correlation between LNM and tumour location, tumour size, depth of invasion, morphological classification, gross type of the lesion and venous invasion. Multivariate analysis indicated that poorly differentiated carcinoma, submucosal cancer, tumour size ≥2 cm and venous invasion were the independent risk factors for LNM. Conclusion: Tumour size, depth of invasion, morphological classification and blood vessel invasion were predictive risk factors for LNM in EGC. We propose that EGC patients with those risk factors should be accepted gastrectomy with LN dissection.
  2,334 129 -
Transfascial suture versus tack fixation of mesh in totally extraperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia: A prospective comparative study
Awanish Kumar, Ajay Kumar Pal, Anuraag Choudhary, Akshay Anand, Abhinav Arun Sonkar, Harvinder Singh Pahwa
April-June 2020, 16(2):132-137
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_192_18  PMID:30777988
Purpose: Among laparoscopic surgeries in inguinal hernias, totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair has demonstrated favourable results in reduction of post-operative pain and mean operative times with early return to physical activity. We have done a prospective comparative study on two different techniques of mesh fixation, i.e., transfascial suture and tack fixation. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective, non-randomised comparative study done on inguinal hernia patients operated by TEP repair from October 2014 to September 2016. These data were compared in two techniques of mesh fixation (tack and transfascial sutures) in terms of post-operative complications, pain scores by visual analogue scale (VAS) and cost analysis of the procedure. Results: Our study on 69 total patients (44 tack fixation and 25 suture fixation group) revealed that mean VAS scores for post-operative pain were not having any statistically significant difference in the tack group versus suture group (2.42 ± 0.24 vs. 2.2 ± 0.24) at 24 h, but VAS scores in the follow-up period at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months were 1.14 ± 0.33 versus 0.67 ± 0.27; 0.78 ± 0.24 versus 0.07 ± 0.06; 0.42 ± 0.17 versus 0.07 ± 0.06 and 0.5 ± 0.11 versus 0.07 ± 0.06, respectively, which showed significant difference at 1 and 3 months, suggesting less pain in the suture group. No significant difference was noted in other post-operative complications. Conclusion: Transfascial suture fixation of mesh in TEP repair of inguinal hernia can be a cost-effective procedure with a comparable safety profile as compared to tack fixation.
  2,125 141 -
Extracervical endoscopic thyroid surgery via Bilateral Axillo-Breast approach (BABA)
Gyan Chand, Goonj Johri
April-June 2020, 16(2):190-194
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_260_18  PMID:30618435
Extracervical, scarless in-the-neck endoscopic thyroidectomy (SET) is a relatively new offshoot of minimal access neck surgery which is gaining popularity rapidly. Among all the approaches described, hybrid approaches such as axillary-breast and bilateral axillo-breast (BABA) are most practiced world over. We have performed more than 130 cases of SET using various approaches (ABA, BABA and transoral vestibular approach). We find BABA most suitable for patients who present with larger goitres (≥6cm), toxic glands or low-grade thyroid cancers and are desirous of SET. Here, we describe the surgical technique of BABA, its pros and pitfalls based on our experience.
  2,125 124 -
Laparoscopic Roux-en Y duodenojejunostomy: A safe and physiological treatment for symptomatic annular pancreas in adults
Bhushan Chittawadagi, Palanisamy Senthilnathan, Samrat V. Jankar, Sandeep C. Sabnis, Ramakrishnan Parthasarathi, Chinnusamy Palanivelu
April-June 2020, 16(2):121-125
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_245_18  PMID:30618433
Background: Annular pancreas is a rare, congenital, rotational anomaly of pancreas, seen usually in newborns who present with features of duodenal obstruction. However, in adults, only 24% of cases are present with duodenal obstruction. Surgery remains the procedure of choice in patients in whom symptoms can be attributed to duodenal obstruction and the goal of surgery is to relieve obstruction by bypassing the annulus. Laparoscopic Roux-en Y duodenostomy (DJ) is our preferred bypass approach for this condition. Literature search revealed that very few case reports have been published about laparoscopic management of annular pancreas, especially about duodenojejunal anastomosis. We present our experience in the laparoscopic management of symptomatic annular pancreas in adults and technique of the laparoscopic Roux-en Y DJ for annular pancreas. Materials and Methods: Between 1996 and 2016, a total of six adult patients underwent laparoscopic management for symptomatic annular pancreas. The demographic, perioperative and follow-up details were documented. Results: All surgeries were successfully performed by laparoscopic approach with no conversion to open. Five cases underwent Roux-en Y DJ and one underwent gastrojejunostomy. No major perioperative events occurred. The mean length of hospital stay was 5.6 days. Five out of six patients were followed up for 24 months, and no symptom recurrence was seen. Conclusion: Laparoscopic Roux-en Y duodenojejunostomy could be used as a safe and physiological treatment for annular pancreas in adult patients and should be preferred for the treatment of duodenal obstruction due to annular pancreas.
  2,090 85 -
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery portal vein embolisation before extended hepatectomy
Julius Maximilian Plewe, Simon Wabitsch, Felix Krenzien, Philipp Haber, Timm Denecke, Bernhard Gebauer, Robert Öllinger, Johann Pratschke, Moritz Schmelzle
April-June 2020, 16(2):185-189
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_211_18  PMID:30618424
Objective: Portal vein embolisation (PVE) represents the standard procedure for augmentation of the contralateral lobe before extended right hepatectomy. However, possible limitations for the percutaneous transhepatic approach exist, for example, large tumours of the right lobe. Here, we present our experiences with single-incision laparoscopic surgery-PVE (SILS-PVE) as an alternative approach for settings where percutaneous routes are technically not feasible. Methods: A small umbilical incision is performed, and a GelPOINT Mini Advanced Access Platform (Santa Margarida, CA, USA) is placed. Staging laparoscopy is performed routinely followed by identification of an appropriate ileal segment, which is subsequently exteriorized through the small umbilical incision. A peripheral mesenteric vein is encircled and cannulated to access right portal vein branches. After sufficient embolisation of the right lobe, the peripheral vein is ligated, the single port is extracted and the umbilical wound is closed. Results: SILS-PVE was successfully applied in 10 patients (median age 60.5 years) between 12/2015 and 03/2018. The technique was indicated due to extensive tumours in the right lobe (n = 8), extensive hydatid cyst (n = 1) and during SILS right hemicolectomy in Stage IV colon cancer (n = 1). Mean operative time was 184 min (range 116–315). Patients were discharged on post-operative day 4 (range 2–9). Augmentation of the future liver remnant volume was assessed by computed tomography-volumetry 3–4 weeks after SILS-PVE and showed a mean relative increase of 64.95%, future remnant liver function showed a mean increase of 120.77%. Conclusion: The proposed SILS-PVE represents a technically simple and safe alternative to standard percutaneous transhepatic approaches. Perioperative risks can be minimised by minimally-invasive surgery, which is of explicit importance in multimodal approaches before major hepatectomy.
  1,966 97 -
Laparoscopic resection of large retrorectal developmental cysts in adults: Single-centre experiences of 20 cases
Jiaolin Zhou, Bangbo Zhao, Huizhong Qiu, Yi Xiao, Guole Lin, Huadan Xue, Yu Xiao, Beizhan Niu, Xiyu Sun, Junyang Lu, Lai Xu, Guannan Zhang, Bin Wu
April-June 2020, 16(2):152-159
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_214_18  PMID:30416141
Context: Retrorectal tumours are rare with developmental cysts being the most common type. Conventionally, large retrorectal developmental cysts (RRDCs) require the combined transabdomino-sacrococcygeal approach. Aims: This study aims to investigate the surgical outcomes of the laparoscopic approach for large RRDCs. Settings and Design: A retrospective case series analysis. Subjects and Methods: Data of patients with RRDCs of 10 cm or larger in diameter who underwent the laparoscopic surgery between 2012 and 2017 at our tertiary centre were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical Analysis Used: Results are presented as median values or mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables and numbers (percentages) for categorical variables. Results: Twenty consecutive cases were identified (19 females; median age, 36 years). Average tumour size was 10.9 ± 1.1 cm. Cephalic ends of lesions ranged from S1/2 junction to S4 level. Caudally, 18 cysts extended to the sacrococcygeal hypodermis. Seventeen patients underwent the pure laparoscopy; three patients received a combined laparoscopic-posterior approach. The operating time was 167.1 ± 57.3 min for the pure laparoscopic group and 212.0 ± 24.5 min for the combined group. The intraoperative haemorrhage was 68.2 ± 49.7 and 66.7 ± 28.9 (mL), respectively. Post-operative complications included one trocar site hernia, one wound infection and one delayed rectal wall perforation. The median post-operative hospital stay was 7 days. With a median follow-up period of 36 months, 1 lesions recurred. Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach can provide a feasible and effective alternative for large RRDCs, with advantages of the minimally invasive surgery. For lesions with ultra-low caudal ends, especially those closely clinging to the rectum, a combined posterior approach is still necessary.
  1,976 66 -
A comparative analysis of various surgical approaches of nephron-sparing surgery and correlation of histopathological grade with RENAL nephrometry score in renal cell carcinoma
Harshit Garg, Deviprasad Tiwari, Brusabhanu Nayak, Prabhjot Singh, Siddharth Yadav, Rajeev Kumar, Amlesh Seth, Rishi Nayyar, Premnath Dogra
April-June 2020, 16(2):144-151
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_208_18  PMID:30777990
Background: Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) is the standard of care for small renal masses whenever feasible. This study aims to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of NSS performed by open (open partial nephrectomy [OPN]) or laparoscopic (laparoscopic PN [LPN]) or robotic (robotic PN [RPN]) approach over the past 6 years and to study the correlation of histopathological grade of renal cell carcinoma with the RENAL score. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of all patients who underwent NSS was done. Results: A total of 135 patients underwent NSS. The mean tumour size was 4.4 cm. About 61 patients underwent OPN, 24 had LPN and 50 had RPN. Although tumour size was larger in OPN group (P = 0.01), tumour complexity based on the RENAL score was similar in OPN and RPN groups (P = 0.15). The OPN group had shorter operative time (P = 0.008) but more blood loss (P = 0.001) and length of hospital stay (P = 0.049) as compared to LPN or RPN group. Maximum radiological diameter of tumour (P = 0.017) appeared to be a significant predictor of operative time, while the open surgical approach (P = 0.003) and tumour stage (P = 0.044) were found to be significant predictors of blood loss. Hilar clamping time was similar in OPN and RPN groups (P = 0.054) but higher in LPN group (P = 0.01). However, post-operative decline in renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate) (P = 0.08) and margin status were comparable among the three groups. The most common histopathology was clear cell carcinoma (70%), and RENAL score was identified as a significant predictor of histopathological grade of tumour (P = 0.008). Conclusion: Open, laparoscopic and robotic approaches to PN provide similar patient outcomes. OPN was usually preferred for larger tumours. The post-operative decline in renal functions and complications were comparable among the three approaches. RENAL score correlated significantly with histopathological grade and hence could help in predicting tumour behaviour pre-operatively.
  1,937 102 -
Laparoscopic repair of recurrent traumatic diaphragmatic hernia
Devender Singh, Sandeep Aggarwal, Surabhi Vyas
April-June 2020, 16(2):166-168
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_298_18  PMID:31031316
Laparoscopic repair of recurrent diaphragmatic hernia is infrequently reported. We report successful laparoscopic management of such a case in a 23-year-old male who presented with recurrent vomiting and hiccoughs. He had suffered a gun-shot injury to the chest 2 years ago, following which a primary diaphragmatic repair was done by laparotomy and thoracotomy. The patient developed recurrent left diaphragmatic hernia, which was repaired using polypropylene mesh using a laparoscopic approach. At 6 months of follow-up, the patient is doing well, and his symptoms have resolved. Laparoscopic repair of recurrent diaphragmatic hernia is feasible.
  1,851 92 -
Ectopic pancreas mimicking gastric submucosal tumour treated using robotic surgery
Tsung-Kun Chang, Ching-Wen Huang, Cheng-Jen Ma, Wei-Chih Su, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Jaw-Yuan Wang
April-June 2020, 16(2):179-181
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_1_19  PMID:30777986
Gastric ectopic pancreas presenting as a submucosal tumour accounts for approximately 11% of all endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) examinations. Definitive diagnosis through endoscopy is difficult, even with EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy for histological examination. For symptomatic patients or those with uncertain diagnosis, complete surgical resection is the primary strategy for treatment and diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of gastric ectopic pancreas treated using robotic surgery.
  1,795 93 -
Diaphragmatic injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: An unusual complication during a routine case
Kishore G.S. Bharathy, Somyaa Khuller, Somnath Malage, Manoj Kumar, Sadiq S. Sikora
April-June 2020, 16(2):172-174
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_315_18  PMID:30777996
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in surgical practice worldwide. Diaphragmatic injury is an extremely rare complication that can occur intraoperatively and needs to be dealt with immediately. This article describes a case report of diaphragmatic injury, technical details of how to deal with this complication and preventive strategies along with a review of literature on the topic.
  1,744 117 -
Laparoscopic and robotic transperitoneal repair of retrocaval ureter: A comparison of the surgical outcomes from two centres with a comprehensive literature review
Mustafa Zafer Temiz, Brusabhanu Nayak, Serdar Aykan, Prabhjot Singh, Aykut Colakerol, Atilla Semercioz, Ahmet Yaser Muslumanoglu
April-June 2020, 16(2):115-120
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_293_18  PMID:30777994
Background: The use of minimally invasive surgical approaches for the repair of retrocaval ureter (RCU) has been increased in time. However, the results of the robotic approach have not yet been compared with those of open or laparoscopic approaches. We aimed to compare the results of laparoscopic and robotic transperitoneal repair of RCU from two centres. Patients and Methods: Initially, we performed a systemic literature search using MEDLINE/PubMed and Google Scholar about the RCU. Finally, a comparison of the efficacy and outcomes of the laparoscopic and robotic transperitoneal approaches for RCU repair was performed with the results of two centers. Results: The mean age was 27.5 ± 3.6 years. The mean operative time was 147 ± 63.6 min. The median estimated blood loss was 100 (20–423.9) ml. The median drain removing time and hospital stay were 2 (2–3) and 3 (2–4) days, respectively. The mean follow-up period was 17.85 ± 14.6 months. All of the parameters were similar between the laparoscopic and robotic repair groups except for the mean operative time. It was significantly shorter in robotic repair group than those of laparoscopic repair group (P = 0.02). Furthermore, a ureteral stricture of the anastomotic segment was detected in a patient treated with laparoscopy during the follow-up. Conclusions: Robotic transperitoneal approach may shorten the operative time enabling a greater comfort in repair of RCU.
  1,645 79 -
Bochdalek's hernia in an elderly male – A case report
Sheetal Ashok Murchite, Karthik M. Chavannavar, Vaishali Vinayak Gaikwad, Abhay D. Chougale, Saurabh Gandhi, Rajat Kumar Singh
April-June 2020, 16(2):182-184
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_323_18  PMID:31031318
Diaphragmatic hernia is protrusion of the abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity. It is a congenital defect of the diaphragm. It is most commonly encountered in infancy but rarely in adults. Here, we would like to present a rare case of 75-year-old male with Bochdalek's hernia. The patient had presented for the first time in his life for his symptoms. This case report emphasises the rare presentation of Bochdalek's hernia in an elderly male. The patient was treated using minimal access surgery i.e., laparoscopic approach and hence had a better post-operative outcome.
  1,453 84 -
Synchronous carcinoma of oesophageal and lung treated with laparoscopic-thoracoscopic cooperative surgery: A case report
Xin Li, Jiali Fu, Hua Zhang, Zhenguo Zhai, Wei Wang
April-June 2020, 16(2):169-171
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_8_19  PMID:31031323
Traditional open surgery has been used and was regarded as suitable alternatives to synchronous carcinoma of oesophageal and lung. However, few previous reports described laparoscopic-thoracoscopic cooperative surgery for it. In this present case, we report synchronous carcinoma of oesophageal and lung with laparoscopic-thoracoscopic cooperative surgery, showing new successfully approach treated with minimally invasive laparoscopic-thoracoscopic surgery.
  1,412 75 -
2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04