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   2013| October-December  | Volume 9 | Issue 4  
    Online since September 27, 2013

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Stump appendicitis: A rare clinical entity
Abhinav Kumar, Anil Sharma, Rajesh Khullar, Vandana Soni, Manish Baijal, Pradeep K Chowbey
October-December 2013, 9(4):173-176
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118835  PMID:24250064
Stump appendicitis is one of the rare delayed complications after appendectomy with reported incidence of 1 in 50,000 cases. Stump appendicitis can present as a diagnostic dilemma if the treating clinician is unfamiliar with this rare clinical entity. We report an 18-year-old patient with Stump appendicitis, who underwent completion appendectomy laparoscopically.
  7,474 158 -
Single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy in situs inversus totalis using the E.K. glove port
Elbert Khiangte, Iheule Newme, Karabi Patowary, Partha Phukan
October-December 2013, 9(4):180-182
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118838  PMID:24250066
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis in patients with situs inversus totalis (SIT). In an effort to reduce morbidity and improve the cosmesis single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy has recently emerged, where the surgery is done through a single port, typically the patient's navel. This improves the cosmesis, lessens post-operative pain and ensures virtually a "scar less" surgery. We report a case of successful single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a patient with SIT, and describe its technical advantages and review of literature.
  3,829 140 1
Single incision Laparoscopic repair of post CABG sternotomy sub xiphoid hernia
Haresh K Shah, Namita Chaudhari, Suman Khopade, Bhushan Thombare, Shirish G Chavan
October-December 2013, 9(4):187-189
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118845  PMID:24250068
The current decade has witnessed the evolution of Minimal Access Surgery (MAS) from Multi port Laparoscopy to Single Port Laparoscopy. The reduction of ports, subsequent scars and pain makes MAS more patients friendly. Symptomatic Subxiphoid Incisional hernias in patients having post CABG Sternotomy are surgically challenging. This is because of the difficult anatomical position i.e. sternum and the ribs superiorly and the diaphragm posteriorly. Another reason is high intra-abdominal pressure with the shearing forces of the musculature in the upper abdomen. Consequently the conventional open primary anatomical or mesh repairs are difficult to perform and have a high recurrence rate. Laparoscopy promises to be an effective technique to treat this condition. In this case report we describe the use of Laparoscopy in particular: Single Incision for the repair of CABG Sternotomy Subxiphoid Hernia along with relevant literature. This is the first report in English Language Literature.
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Study of the course of inferior epigastric artery with reference to laparoscopic portal
Manvikar Purushottam Rao, Vatsala Swamy, Vasanti Arole, Paramatma Mishra
October-December 2013, 9(4):154-158
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118826  PMID:24250060
Introduction: Laparoscopy has been in vogue for more than 2 decades. Making portals in the anterior abdominal wall for introducing laparoscopic instruments is done with trocar and cannula which is a blind procedure. Stab incision and trocar insertion, though safe, at times can lead to injury of blood vessels of anterior abdominal wall more so the inferior epigastric artery (IEA). Trauma to abdominal wall vessels is 0.2%-2% of laparoscopic procedures and said to be 3 per 1000 cases. Injury to IEA is one of the commonest complications seen. Purpose of the present study was to observe the course of IEA in 50 formalin preserved cadavers, by dissection. Materials and Methods: In 50 formalin fixed cadavers, IEA was exposed by opening the rectus sheath. Rectus was divided and IEA was exposed. Five reference points A, B, C, D, and E were defined. A was at pubic symphysis, while E at umbilicus. B, C, and D were marked at the distance of 3.5, 7, and 10.5 cm, respectively from pubic symphysis. Distances of the IEA from these midline points were measured with the help of sliding vernier calipers. Results: Significant observation was variations in the length of IEA. It was seen to end at a lower level than normal (three cases on right and four on left side) by piercing rectus. In 14, cadavers artery did not reach up to umbilicus on both sides. Nearest point of entry of IEA in to rectus sheath at the level of pubic symphysis was 1.2 cm on left and 3.2 cm on right side. Farthest point from point A was 6.8 cm on right and 6.9 cm on left side. Width of strip of abdominal wall which was likely to have IEA beneath was up to 4 cm till level C and beyond which it widened up to 5cm on left side and 6 cm on right at umbilicus. Discussion: Present study did reveal notable variations in length and termination of IEA. No uniformity in entry of IEA in to the rectus sheath was observed. Findings did concur with earlier observations but the strip of skin of arterial zone was not equidistant from midline but had moved more medially on left side. Medial limit of this safety zone found to be lesser than 2 cm on left side. However, the lateral limit of the zone was within 7.5 cm. Additional variation was strip of abdominal wall likely to have IEA beneath was up to 4 cm till level C and had diverging limits beyond C. IEA was more notorious in its course. These variations prompt for a preoperative mapping of IEA and thus a useful step in preoperative protocol.
  2,988 217 -
Laparoscopic management of impalpable undescended testes: 20 years' experience
Vinay G Mehendale, Sharad N Shenoy, Rupin S Shah, Namita C Chaudhari, Alap V Mehendale
October-December 2013, 9(4):149-153
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118822  PMID:24250059
Background: Laparoscopy is the best available method to manage impalpable undescended testes. We performed our first laparoscopic orchiopexy in June 1992 and found good results in consecutive cases with laparoscopic orchiopexy over last 20 years. Materials and Methods: From June 1992 to May 2012, 241 patients with 296 impalpable testes were operated upon by laparoscopic approach. One-stage laparoscopic orchiopexy was performed in 152 cases, while two-stage Fowler - Stephens laparoscopic orchiopexy was performed in 55 cases. Laparoscopic orchiectomy was required in 20, and in 21 patients testes were absent. One-sided laparoscopic orchiopexy was performed in a male pseudo hermaphrodite. Results: None of the testis atrophied after two-stage Fowler - Stephens laparoscopic orchiopexy, while in 152 cases of single-stage orchiopexies one testes atrophied. One patient developed malignant change in the testis, 6 years after orchiopexy. Conclusions: Laparoscopy is the best way to diagnose impalpable undescended testes. No other imaging investigation was required. Single-stage laparoscopic orchiopexy for low level undescended testis has very good results. For high-level undescended testis and when one-stage mobilisation is difficult, two-stage Fowler - Stephens orchiopexy has excellent results. Minimum 4 months should separate first and second stage of laparoscopic Fowler - Stephens procedure. Even when open orchiopexy is being done for intra-canalicular testes in a child, it is advisable to be ready with laparoscopy if necessary, at the same time, in case open surgery fails to mobilise the testicular vessels adequately.
  2,904 285 2
Gastric electrical stimulation for treatment of clinically severe gastroparesis
Naga Venkatesh G Jayanthi, Simon P.L. Dexter, Abeezar I Sarela, The Leeds Gastroparesis Multi-Disciplinary Team*
October-December 2013, 9(4):163-167
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118833  PMID:24250062
Background: Severe, drug-resistant gastroparesis is a debilitating condition. Several, but not all, patients can get significant relief from nausea and vomiting by gastric electrical stimulation (GES). A trial of temporary, endoscopically delivered GES may be of predictive value to select patients for laparoscopic-implantation of a permanent GES device. Materials and Methods: We conducted a clinical audit of consecutive gastroparesis patients, who had been selected for GES, from May 2008 to January 2012. Delayed gastric emptying was diagnosed by scintigraphy of ≥50% global improvement in symptom-severity and well-being was a good response. Results: There were 71 patients (51 women, 72%) with a median age of 42 years (range: 14-69). The aetiology of gastroparesis was idiopathic (43 patients, 61%), diabetes (15, 21%), or post-surgical (anti-reflux surgery, 6 patients; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 3; subtotal gastrectomy, 1; cardiomyotomy, 1; other gastric surgery, 2) (18%). At presentation, oral nutrition was supplemented by naso-jejunal tube feeding in 7 patients, surgical jejunostomy in 8, or parenterally in 1 (total 16 patients; 22%). Previous intervention included endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin (botox) into the pylorus in 16 patients (22%), pyloroplasty in 2, distal gastrectomy in 1, and gastrojejunostomy in 1. It was decided to directly proceed with permanent GES in 4 patients. Of the remaining, 51 patients have currently completed a trial of temporary stimulation and 39 (77%) had a good response and were selected for permanent GES, which has been completed in 35 patients. Outcome data are currently available for 31 patients (idiopathic, 21 patients; diabetes, 3; post-surgical, 7) with a median follow-up period of 10 months (1-28); 22 patients (71%) had a good response to permanent GES, these included 14 (68%) with idiopathic, 5 (71%) with post-surgical, and remaining 3 with diabetic gastroparesis. Conclusions: Overall, 71% of well-selected patients with intractable gastroparesis had good response to permanent GES at follow-up of up to 2 years.
  2,893 155 -
Trocarless laparoscopic pyloromyotomy with conventional instruments: Our experience
Sandesh V Parelkar, Pooja V Multani, Beejal V Sanghvi, Shishira R Shetty, Hemangi R Athawale, Satish P Kapadnis, Dinesh D Mundada, Sanjay N Oak
October-December 2013, 9(4):159-162
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118831  PMID:24250061
Background: The incidence of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is approximately 1-3 per 1,000 live births. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is seen more often in males, with a male-to female ratio of 4:1. Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy is becoming increasingly popular as the standard treatment for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Materials and Methods: We describe our initial experience with laparoscopic pyloromyotomy in 16 infants using conventional laparoscopic instruments. Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy was performed through 5-mm umbilical port with 5mm 30 endoscope. Two 3-mm working instruments were inserted directly into the abdomen via separate lateral incisions. Results: All patients were prospectively evaluated. The procedure was performed in 16 infants with a mean age of 36 days and mean weight of 3.1 kg. All procedures, except two, were completed laparoscopically with standard instruments. Average operating time was 28 mins, and average postoperative length of stay was 2.8 days. There were no major intraoperative and postoperative complications. Conclusion: Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy can be safely performed by using standard conventional laparoscopic trocarless instruments.
  2,299 147 -
Laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy in a pregnant patient
Ramya Ranjan Behera, Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar, Deepraj S Bhandarkar, Tarun Gupta, Shyam Desai
October-December 2013, 9(4):183-186
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118842  PMID:24250067
Feasibility and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy for patients with symptomatic or complicated gallstone disease is well established. Laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy (LESS-chole) is a new modality in which the entire surgery is undertaken via a transumbilical incision. We describe a 33-year-old patient who underwent a LESS-chole in the 20 th week of pregnancy for gallstone disease complicated by episodes of obstructive jaundice and acute pancreatitis. This is the first reported case of LESS-chole performed using conventional laparoscopic instruments. The technical aspects as well as the various perioperative measures utilized to undertake this procedure safely are outlined.
  2,194 119 -
Simultaneous submission leading to duplicate publication: Scientific misconduct rears its ugly head
Deepraj Bhandarkar
October-December 2013, 9(4):147-148
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118821  PMID:24250057
  2,031 177 1
Standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy for malposition of the gallbladder caused by right-sided ligamentum teres
Mustafa Hasbahceci, Cengiz Erol, Mehmet Seker, Fatih Basak, Orhan Alimoglu
October-December 2013, 9(4):177-179
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.118837  PMID:24250065
Atypical localization of the gallbladder associated with right-sided ligamentum teres is a rare anomaly of the biliary system. Although the conventional nomenclature as being a left-sided gallbladder is usually used, this definition may be incomprehensive because of lacking the anatomical detail. This report describes atypical localization of the gallbladder associated with right-sided ligamentum teres and abnormal intrahepatic portal venous branching, surgically removed laparoscopically.
  2,002 91 -
Use of a combined retroperitoneoscopic and transperitoneal laparoscopic technique for the management of renal cell carcinoma with level I tumor thrombi
Oner Sanli, Tzevat Tefik, Selcuk Erdem, Tayfun Oktar, Murat Tunc, Faruk Ozcan
October-December 2013, 9(4):168-172
Background: To report our initial experiences using a combined retroperitoneoscopic and transperitoneal laparoscopic technique for the management of renal cell carcinoma with level I tumor thrombi. Materials and Methods: Two patients underwent this technique for tumors 11- and 13-cm in diameter. After transection of the renal artery with limited mobilization of the kidney using a retroperitoneoscopic approach, additional ports were placed, and the management of the tumor thrombus was performed in the large working space provided by the transperitoneoscopic approach. Results: The technique was feasible in the present 2 cases. The total operative times were 170 and 200 min, respectively. The estimated blood loss was 450 cc in the first case and 200 cc in the second case. No complications were observed in either of the patients. Conclusions: Based on the initial clinical experience, we have presented a feasible surgical option for the laparoscopic management of renal cell carcinoma with level I thrombi.
  1,850 97 -
Retraction Notice

October-December 2013, 9(4):148-148
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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04