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   2012| July-September  | Volume 8 | Issue 3  
    Online since June 29, 2012

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Single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A prospective randomised comparison of clinical results of 140 cases
Ramon Vilallonga, Umut Barbaros, Aziz Sümer, Tugrul Demirel, José Manuel Fort, Oscar González, Nivardo Rodriguez, Manuel Armengol Carrasco
July-September 2012, 8(3):74-78
Introduction: A novel single port access (SPA) cholecystectomy approach is described in this study. We have designed a randomised comparative study in order to elucidate any possible differences between the standard treatment and this novel technique. Materials and Methods: Between July 2009 and March 2010, 140 adult patients with gallbladder pathologies were enrolled in this multicentre study. Two surgeons (RV and UB) randomised patients to either a standard laparoscopic (SL) approach group or to an SPA cholecystectomy group. Two types of trocars were used for this study: the TriPort TM and the SILS TM Port. Outcomes including blood loss, operative time, complications, length of stay and pain were recorded. Results: There were 69 patients in the SPA group and 71 patients in the SL group. The mean age of the patients was 43.2 (17-77) for the SPA group and 42.6 (19-70) for the SL group. The mean operative time was 63.9 min in the SPA group and 58.4 min in the SL group. For one patient, the SPA procedure was converted to a standard laparoscopic technique and to open approach in the SL group. Complications occurred in eight patients: Five seromas (two in the SPA group) and three hernias (one in the SPA group).The mean hospital stay was 38.5 h in the SPA group and 24.1 h in the SL group. Pain was evaluated and was 2 in the SPA and 2.9 in the SL group, according to the visual analogue scale (VAS) after 24 h (P<0.001). The degree of satisfaction was higher in the SPA group (8.3 versus 6.7). Similar results were found for the aesthetic result (8.8 versus 7.5). (P<0.001). Conclusion: Single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be feasible and safe. When technical difficulties arise, early conversion to a standard laparoscopic technique is advised to avoid serious complications. The SPA approach can be undertaken without the expense of additional operative time and provides patients with minimal scarring. The cosmetic results and the degree of satisfaction appear to be significant for the SPA approach.
  12 3,920 221
Laparoscopic, robotic and open method of radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer: A systematic review
Puliyath Geetha, M Krishnan Nair
July-September 2012, 8(3):67-73
Background : Over the last two decades, numerous studies have indicated the feasibility of minimally invasive surgery for early cervical cancer without compromising the oncological outcome. Objective : Systematic literature review and meta analysis aimed at evaluating the outcome of laparoscopic and robotic radical hysterectomy (LRH and RRH) and comparing the results with abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). Search Strategy : Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library and Reference lists were searched for articles published until January 31 st 2011, using the terms radical hysterectomy, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, robotic radical hysterectomy, surgical treatment of cervical cancer and complications of radical hysterectomy. Selection Criteria : Studies that reported outcome measures of radical hysterectomy by open method, laparoscopic and robotic methods were selected. Data collection and analysis: Two independent reviewers selected studies, abstracted and tabulated the data and pooled estimates were obtained on the surgical and oncological outcomes. Results : Mean sample size, age and body mass index across the three types of RH studies were similar. Mean operation time across the three types of RH studies was comparable. Mean blood loss and transfusion rate are significantly higher in ARH compared to both LRH and RRH. Duration of stay in hospital for RRH was significantly less than the other two methods. The mean number of lymph nodes obtained, nodal metastasis and positive margins across the three types of RH studies were similar. Post operative infectious morbidity was significantly higher among patients who underwent ARH compared to the other two methods and a higher rate of cystotomy in LRH. Conclusions : Minimally invasive surgery especially robotic radical hysterectomy may be a better and safe option for surgical treatment of cervical cancer. The laparoscopic method is not free from complications. However, experience of surgeon may reduce the complications rate.
  8 5,412 391
Laparoendoscopic single site surgery in urology: A single centre experience
Arvind P Ganpule, Rajan Sharma, Abraham Kurien, Shashikant Mishra, V Muthu, Ravindra Sabnis, Mahesh R Desai
July-September 2012, 8(3):79-84
Objective : To analyze our experience of 87 cases with single port surgery, which is also known as laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS). Materials and Methods: Case records of all LESS procedures performed between December 2007 and June 2010 were analysed. The procedures performed were donor nephrectomy (n=45), simple nephrectomy (n=27), radical nephrectomy (n=5), pyeloplasty (n=9), and ureteroneocystostomy (n=1). Parameters analysed were operating room (OR) time, estimated blood loss (EBL), visual analogue score (VAS), and complications in all patients undergoing LESS procedure and additionally, warm ischaemia time (WIT) and graft outcome in patients undergoing LESS donor nephrectomy. In reconstructive procedures, the functional assessment was performed with a diuretic renogram at 6 months. Results: In LESS donor nephrectomy, the mean WIT was 6.9 ± 1.9 min. Mean serum creatinine in recipients at 1 month was 0.96 ± 0.21 mg%. We encountered one instance each of renal artery injury, renal vein injury, large bowel injury, minor cortical laceration at the upper pole and two instances of diaphragmatic injury. In LESS simple nephrectomy, the average OR time was 148.7 ± 52.2 min and hospital stay was 3.7 ± 1.2 days. There was one instance of large bowel injury during specimen retrieval. In LESS radical nephrectomy, the average OR time was 202.5 ± 35.7 min and average hospital stay was 4.2 ± 1.3 days. 6 patients of LESS pyeloplasty completed follow up with a diuretic renogram showing a good drainage. LESS ureteroneocystostomy could also be performed successfully without any complications. Conclusion: LESS surgery can be accomplished safely in nephrectomy and reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and ureteroneocystostomy with equivalent outcomes as standard laparoscopy and with added benefits of cosmesis and quicker convalescence. LESS donor nephrectomy is a technically feasible procedure; current status of procedure needs to be proved with randomised controlled studies.
  5 2,876 130
Laparoscopic elective cholecystectomy with and without drain: A controlled randomised trial
Gouda El-labban, Emad Hokkam, Mohamed El-labban, Ali Saber, Khaled Heissam, Soliman El-Kammash
July-September 2012, 8(3):90-92
Background : Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the main method of treatment of symptomatic gallstones. Routine drainage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is an issue of considerable debate. Therefore, a controlled randomised trial was designed to assess the value of drains in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: During a two-year period (From April 2008 to January 2010), 80 patients were simply randomised to have a drain placed (group A), an 8-mm pentose tube drain was retained below the liver bed, whereas 80 patients were randomised not to have a drain (group B) placed in the subhepatic space. End points of this trial were to detect any differences in morbidity, postoperative pain, wound infection and hospital stay between the two groups. Results : There was no mortality in either group and no statistically significant difference in postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, wound infection or abdominal collection between the two groups. However, hospital stay was longer in the drain group than in group without drain and it is appearing that the use of drain delays hospital discharge. Conclusion : The routine use of a drain in non-complicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy has nothing to offer; in contrast, it is associated with longer hospital stay.
  4 2,997 217
Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis
Gary B Deutsch, V Gunabushanam, N Mishra, S Anantha Sathyanarayana, V Kamath, D Buchin
July-September 2012, 8(3):93-96
While several equivalent alternatives are available in the bariatric algorithm, more recently the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been gaining traction as an effective means of weight loss in patients with morbid obesity. We present the case of a 39-year-old woman with situs inversus totalis, who was taken to the operating room for laparoscopic SG. The patient had previously undergone a failed open gastric banding procedure 20 months earlier. Awareness of the inherited condition before performing the operation allows for advanced planning and preparation. Subsequent modifications to the standard trocar placement help make the procedure more technically feasible. To our knowledge, this is the first published report of a laparoscopic SG after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis. After encountering the initial disorientation, we believe experienced laparoscopic surgeons can perform this procedure successfully and safely.
  2 3,671 129
Veress needle insertion through left lower intercostal space for creating pneumoperitoneum: Experience with 75 cases
Sunil Kumar
July-September 2012, 8(3):85-89
Context: Veress needle insertion (VNI) at sub-umbilical fold (SUF) midline is associated with serious intra-abdominal injuries. Aim: The aim of this study has been to evaluate the safety and efficacy of lower left intercostal space (LICS) for VNI. Settings and Design: This prospective observational study was conducted in three parts in Surgery-II, Department of Surgery, GTBH-UCMS, Delhi. Materials and Methods : In part one, skin fold thickness (SFT) was measured in 32 patients at SUF, LICS, right iliac fossa (RIF) and Palmer's point. As part two, in these patients, VNI was carried out from LICS under laparoscopic guidance. As part three, same technique of VNI was employed in 43 patients with suspected intra-abdominal adhesions undergoing laparoscopy for various reasons. Observations were made regarding ease of insertion, attempts needed for successful entry, loudness or clarity of give-way feeling of Veress needle, intra-abdominal bleeding at point of emergence of Veress needle, hemopneumothorax, bowel or vascular injury. Statistical Analysis Used: SFT was expressed as mean (SD), and one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test were employed to find the statistical significance. Results: SFT at LICS was significantly less as compared to SUF and Palmer's point. VNI at LICS was easy to carry out; it could be successfully done in first attempt in all patients, and was associated with very clear and loud give-way feeling. There were no instances of intra-abdominal bleeding at point of emergence of Veress needle, hemopneumothorax, bowel or vascular injury. Conclusions: VNI at LICS as described here is safe and effective.
  1 3,646 196
Herbal enema: At the cost of colon
Parmanand Prasad, Om Tantia, Nirmal M Patle, Jayanta Mukherjee
July-September 2012, 8(3):104-106
Various colonic side-effects of herbal enema have been reported in literature ranging from mild abdominal discomfort to self-limiting haemorrhagic colitis. It rarely requires blood transfusion or subtotal colectomy. We report a 57-year-old male patient developing severe ileo-colitis with persistent massive rectal bleeding immediately after herbal enema administration for the treatment of chronic constipation and was resistant to conservative management. Patient was managed successfully with emergency total laparoscopic colectomy. Post-operative recovery of the patient was excellent.
  1 2,804 95
Ultrasound-guided antegrade access during laparoscopic pyeloplasty in infants less than one year of age: A point of technique
Arvind Ganpule, Amit Bhattu, Shashikant Mishra, Mahesh R Desai
July-September 2012, 8(3):107-110
Background: Access to urethras and ureters of infants may be hazardous and injurious through an endoscopic route. Placement and removal of stents in infants requires anaesthesia and access through these small caliber urethras. We describe our technique of placing antegrade splint during a laparoscopic pyeloplasty in these infants. Materials and Methods: An ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal access is obtained. Telescopic metal two part needle is passed into the kidney over a guide wire. A second guide wire is passed through the telescopic metal two part needle. The tract is dilated with 14 Fr screw dilator. Over one guide wire, a 5 Fr ureteric catheter is passed and coiled in the renal pelvis. Over the other wire, a 14 Fr malecot catheter is placed as nephrostomy. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty is then done. During pyelotomy, the ureteric catheter is pulled and advanced through the ureter before the pyeloplasty is completed. The ureteric catheter thus acts as a splint across the anastomosis. Ureteric catheter is removed on the 3 rd post operative day and nephrostomy is clamped. Nephrostomy is removed on 4 th post operative day if child is asymptomatic. The modified technique was successfully done in five patients aged less than one year old. All patients tolerated the procedure well. Post operative period was uneventful in all. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided ante grade nephroureteral ureteral splint for infant laparoscopic pyeloplasty is safe. It avoids the need for urethral instrumentation for insertion and removal of stents in these small patients.
  - 3,150 121
Laparoscopic management of chyle leak after Nissen fundoplication
Gareth Powell, James R Ramus, Michael I Booth
July-September 2012, 8(3):102-103
A 41-year-old man presented with chylous ascites 6 weeks after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The chyle leak was successfully treated with laparoscopic ligation of the leaking duct at the right crus. We would now recommend early consideration of this as a treatment option for this rare complication.
  - 2,373 95
Laparoscopic excision of hepatoduodenal ligament cyst
Aparna Deshpande, Abhay N Dalvi, Harsh B Thanky, Krunal Khobragade
July-September 2012, 8(3):97-98
Hepatoduodenal ligament cysts are rare. These may be confused with hepatic cysts even on advanced investigative modalities like Computerized tomography scanning or Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Diagnosis is often an intraoperative surprise. Laparoscopic treatment of such hepatoduodenal cysts is not described in available medical literature. We report one such case treated laparoscopically
  - 2,276 86
Transhepatic metallic stenting for hepaticojejunostomy stricture following laparoscopic cholecystectomy biliary injury: A case of successful 20 years follow-up
Gianfranco Donatelli, Didier Mutter, Parag Dhumane, Cosimo Callari, Jacques Marescaux
July-September 2012, 8(3):99-101
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is still associated with a considerable rate of biliary injuries and related strictures. Advances in interventional endoscopy and percutaneous techniques have made stenting a preferred treatment modality for the management of these strictures. We report successful 20 years of follow-up of a case of trans-hepatic metallic stenting (2 Gianturco® prostheses, 5 cm long, 2 cm in diameter) done for stenosed hepatico-jejunostomy anastomosis after laparoscopic CBD injury. Percutaneous transhepatic stenting and long-term placement of metallic stents need to be re-evaluated as a minimally invasive definitive treatment option for benign biliary strictures in patients with altered anatomy such as hepatico-jejunostomy or in whom re-operation involves high risk.
  - 3,506 123
© 2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04