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   2009| July-September  | Volume 5 | Issue 3  
    Online since December 23, 2009

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Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman
Fulvio Tagliabue, Paola Acquaro, Gianmaria Confalonieri, Salvatore Spagnolo, Antonio Romelli, Melchiorre Costa
July-September 2009, 5(3):75-77
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58502  PMID:20040802
Ovarian cysts are the most common cause of pelvic masses in women, and in the majority of the cases, women are in their fertile age. Today, the surgical treatment has become more conservative and less invasive; hence, a laparoscopic approach in the presence of benign cysts has become a gold standard. Herein, we report a case of a 21-year-old woman referred to our Surgical Department for an abdominal mass, discovered with a computerised tomographic scan, of 20x10 x 25cm arising from the left ovary, treated with the laparoscopic approach.
  4,499 153 2
Review of video-assisted thoracoscopy in children
SN Oak, SV Parelkar, KV SatishKumar, R Pathak, BH Ramesh, S Sudhir, M Keshav
July-September 2009, 5(3):57-62
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58498  PMID:20040798
Open thoracotomy is the standard procedure for various thoracic diseases against which other procedures are compared. Currently Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) has gained widespread acceptance in the management of a variety of thoracic disorders. It decreases the morbidity and duration of hospital stay. A total of 133 children with various thoracic diseases who presented at a University Teaching Hospital in the Department of Pediatric Surgery, from June 2000 to December 2007, were included. Of the 133 patients,116 patients had empyema, all of whom were subjected to VATS, and an attempt at debridement/decortication and drainage was made. Other thoracic disorders treated included lung abscesses, lung biopsies, hydatid cysts, and so on. Patients with empyema were treated according to their stage of disease. Of the 116 patients who underwent thoracoscopy, 16 had to be converted to open surgery due to various reasons. The mean duration for removal of drain was three days and the average total duration of hospital stay was six days. Similarly the application of VATS was advantageous in other thoracic diseases.
  4,194 246 9
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the management of penetrating and blunt thoracic trauma
S Milanchi, I Makey, R McKenna, DR Margulies
July-September 2009, 5(3):63-66
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58499  PMID:20040799
Background: The role of video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) is still being defined in the management of thoracic trauma. We report our trauma cases managed by VATS and review the role of VATS in the management of thoracic trauma. Materials and Methods: All the trauma patients who underwent VATS from 2000 to 2007 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center were retrospectively studied. Results: Twenty-three trauma patients underwent 25 cases of VATS. The most common indication for VATS was retained haemothorax. Thoracotomy was avoided in 21 patients. VATS failed in two cases. On an average VATS was performed on trauma day seven (range 1-26) and the length of hospital stay was 20 days (range 3-58). There was no mortality. VATS was performed in an emergency (day 1-2), or in the early (day 2-7) or late (after day 7) phases of trauma. Conclusion: VATS can be performed safely for the management of thoracic traumas. VATS can be performed before or after thoracotomy and at any stage of trauma. The use of VATS in trauma has a trimodal distribution (emergent, early, late), each with different indications.
  3,513 262 10
Concomitant laparoscopic urological procedures: Does it contribute to morbidity?
Kamlesh Maurya, SE Sivanandam, Sudhir Sukumar, Sanjay Bhat, Ginil Kumar, Balagopal Nair
July-September 2009, 5(3):67-71
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58500  PMID:20040800
Aim: With advancement in minimal access surgery two laparoscopic procedures can be combined together shortening the total hospital stay, decreasing morbidity and overall reduced cost. Combining two laparoscopic procedures in a single session has been reported in general surgery. Very few articles are available in literature with regard to combined urological laparoscopic surgeries. This article retrospectively analyses the outcomes of multiple laparoscopic procedures performed in a single stage at our centre. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing simultaneous procedures from May 2003 to Jan 2009 were included in the study. Patients were categorised into three groups according to the primary urological organ involved, for better comparison with the control group. Diseases involving the adrenals gland were grouped in (group 1), kidney (group 2) and renal collecting system/ureter (group 3). All patients had one urological procedure for either of the above-mentioned organs combined with another surgical procedure. Similarly three control groups were chosen according to the primary urological organ involved (group 1c- unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy, group 2c- unilateral laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and group 3c- unilateral laparoscopic ureterolithotomy) for comparative study. The operative details, hospital stay and complications were analysed. Results: Thirty-two patients underwent 64 laparoscopic procedures under single anaesthesia. The most common procedure in this series was laparoscopic adrenalectomy (n=34) followed by laparoscopic nephrectomy (n=13). Group 1 patients had a prolonged operative time ( P=0.012) and hospital stay ( P=0.025) when compared with group 1c. However, blood loss was comparable in both the groups. Patients in groups 2 and 3 had comparable operative times, blood loss and recovery period with respect to their controls. Intraoperatively, the end tidal carbon dioxide levels were within permissible limits. All procedures were completed using the laparoscopic approach, without any conversion. Conclusions: Simultaneous laparoscopic procedures can be done for urological diseases in selected patients with the advantages of single anaesthesia and hospital admission without increasing the morbidity.
  3,226 158 2
Laparoscopic exploration of the common bile duct and removal of dead worm in a patient of cholangitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography failure
Mushtaq Chalkoo, Ibrahim Masoodi, Shabnum Hussain, Shaheena Chalkoo, Omar Farooq
July-September 2009, 5(3):82-84
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58504  PMID:20040804
We describe a dead ascaris-induced extrahepatic bilary obstruction in a young female who presented with acute cholangitis. The dead ascaris was removed by laparoscopic exploration of common bile duct after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography failure. Patient had an uneventful hospital course after the procedure and was discharged afebrile after 3 days of hospital stay.
  3,122 146 1
Laparoscopic splenectomy in a case of blunt abdominal trauma
Arun Prasad, Narendra Agarwal
July-September 2009, 5(3):78-81
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58503  PMID:20040803
Splenic rupture is a frequent consequence of blunt abdominal trauma. Removal of the spleen (splenectomy) or alternative conservative procedures (splenorrhaphy, partial splenectomy and haemostatic collagen application) are surgical treatment options. Splenectomy was first described in 1910 by Sutherland. Laparoscopic splenectomy was first described in 1991 by Delaitre and Maignien. Since then significant improvements in instrumentation and technology such as harmonic scalpel, endovascular staplers have increased its ease of performance. Laparoscopic splenectomy for a ruptured spleen has been reported only in a few cases, in which a hand-assisted technique was used. We present the first reported case from India (to the best of our knowledge) of a successful removal of a ruptured spleen by means of a totally laparoscopic technique.
  2,997 176 5
Regional and institutional origin of articles in journal of minimal access surgery
Sudhir Kumar Thakur, Shalabh Gupta, Shashank R Gupta, Somen Jha
July-September 2009, 5(3):85-85
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58505  PMID:20040805
  3,053 92 1
Left hepatic vein injury during laparoscopic antireflux surgery for large para-oesophageal hiatus hernia
Anish P Nagpal, Harshad Soni, Sanjiv P Haribhakti
July-September 2009, 5(3):72-74
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58501  PMID:20040801
Although the advent of laparoscopic fundoplication has increased both patient and physician acceptance of antireflux surgery, it has become apparent that the laparoscopic approach is associated with an increased risk of some complications and as well as the occurrence of new complications specific to this approach. One such complication occurred in our patient who had intra-operative left hepatic vein injury during laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication for large para-oesophageal rolling hernia. With timely conversion to open procedure, the bleeding was controlled and the antireflux and the procedure were completed uneventfully. However, this suggests that even with an experience in advanced laparoscopy surgery, complications can occur. Clear understanding of the normal and pathologic anatomy and its variations facilitates laparoscopic surgery and should help the surgeon avoid complications. The incidence of some of these complications decreases as surgeons gain experience; however, new complications can arise due to the increase in such procedures.
  2,509 144 -
Laparoscopic approach for irreducible hernia: A consideration
Viroj Wiwanitkit
July-September 2009, 5(3):86-86
DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.58506  PMID:20040806
  1,320 97 -
2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04