LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : | Volume
| Issue : | Page :
Confirmation of ryle's tube placement by bubble in jelly technique: A quick and convenient way during laparoscopic surgery
Prakash Deb, Prithwis Bhattacharyya
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
|Date of Submission||25-Mar-2021|
|Date of Decision||17-Apr-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||20-Apr-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||02-Jun-2021|
Quarter B8F, NEIGRIHMS Campus, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this URL:|
Deb P, Bhattacharyya P. Confirmation of ryle's tube placement by bubble in jelly technique: A quick and convenient way during laparoscopic surgery. J Min Access Surg [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2021 Jun 14]. Available from: https://www.journalofmas.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=317436
Intra-operative gastric decompression by Ryle's tube or nasogastric tube (NGT) for improvement of laparoscopic view and prevention of accidental gastric injury during trocar insertion is a common practice. In awake patients, swallowing technique makes NGT insertion easy; however, in anesthetised patients due to a lack of cough and swallowing, reflex NGT may remain coiled up in the oropharynx or wrongly placed in the respiratory tract. NGT placement in such patients is usually done blindly using reverse Sellick's manoeuvre, digital assistance or with a Magill forceps under direct or video laryngoscope guidance.
NGT placement in stomach may be confirmed using various techniques such as looking at the content of aspirate, assessing pH of NGT aspirate using pH indicator strips, auscultation of sound in epigastrium produced by passage of air with a 50 ml syringe, ultrasonography, capnography, manometric method, electromagnetic NGT placement and X-Ray confirmation. Most of them are either expensive, time consuming or inaccurate. To avoid fatal complications of wrongly placed NGT particularly if used for feeding purpose, the National Health Service has advised against many routinely used techniques for confirmation of NGT placement. X-ray is commonly used in intensive care unit setup for the confirmation of correct placement of NGT before the initiation of feeding or giving medications. Although considered gold standard, X-ray may not be confirmatory always.
During laparoscopic surgery, a simple and quick confirmation of NGT is necessary. Sometimes, the draping and cleaning of the abdomen starts immediately with anaesthesia induction to save time, so auscultation of the gush of delivered air may not be possible. In a properly fasted patient or one without any obstructive pathology, assessment of the aspirate may not be reliable and sometimes gastric or respiratory secretions may be indistinguishable. If there is doubt about NGT placement, re-confirmation or re-insertion may be required using laryngoscope and thus delaying the procedure.
We routinely use gas bubble formation, an interesting way to quickly confirm the position of NGT when used for the purpose of gastric decompression during laparoscopic procedure. As the tube passes into the gastrointestinal tract, air from stomach comes out through the opening of base or distal end of NGT and causes formation of a bubble if a drop of jelly is placed on it [Figure 1]. The same will not happen if the tube remains in the oral cavity. In case of tube placement in the trachea, there will be volume loss as detected by ventilator along with a continuous gush of air through the port at base or distal end.,
|Figure 1: Bubble formation in jelly at the distal tip of nasogastric tube confirming its placement in stomach|
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This is a quick and useful method for NGT placement confirmation when used for gastric decompression in laparoscopic surgeries. The same method along with other confirmatory tests may be tried in non-laparoscopic procedure also. However, the NGT placement should always be confirmed by X-ray or other confirmatory methods when used for indications such as feeding, administration of medicine, gastric lavage or prevention of aspiration.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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