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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 415-417

Hand-assisted robotic surgery in the abdominal phase of robot-assisted oesophagectomy

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Shizuoka General Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shinsuke Sato
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Shizuoka General Hospital, 4-27-1 Kitaando, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka 420-8527
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_68_20

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Robot-assisted minimally invasive oesophagectomy (RAMIE) has been developed to overcome the technical limitations of conventional thoracoscopic oesophagectomy. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) is used as a practical and useful technique during the abdominal phase of thoracoscopic oesophagectomy. During RAMIE, a robotic vessel sealer cannot be used with HALS; another vessel sealer or ultrasonic coagulating device for laparoscopic surgery is required. We report an initial experiment using hand-assisted robotic surgery (HARS) for abdominal manipulation during RAMIE as a novel method. Under the pneumoperitoneum induced by insufflating the abdomen to 10 mmHg with carbon dioxide, the assistant surgeon lifted the stomach and greater omentum using the left hand through a 7 cm upper abdominal midline incision at approximately 2 cm below the xiphoid. Subsequently, gastric mobilisation was performed by robot-assisted surgery. Between January 2019 and February 2020, eight patients with thoracic oesophageal cancer underwent RAMIE with HARS at our hospital. The median operative time for extracorporeal manipulation and preparation for the roll-in of the robot was 39.5 min. The median console time was 47.5 min. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications related to the use of the robot and no in-hospital mortality. In conclusion, HARS seems to be feasible and safe for abdominal manipulation during oesophageal cancer surgery.


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