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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 180-187

Training for laparoscopic colorectal surgery creating an appropriate porcine model and curriculum for training

Center of Excellence for Minimal Access Surgery Training; Department of Surgery, Grant Medical College, Grant Medical College and J.J. Hospital; Department of Surgery, B. D. Petit Parsee General Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tehemton Erach Udwadia
Flat No. 10, Normandie, Carmichael Road, Mumbai - 400 026, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_86_20

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Background: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS) was first described in 1991, and its safety, efficacy and patient benefit were adequately documented in literature. However, its penetration and acceptability is poor in most countries, due to its long learning curve and lack of surgeons training and confidence. A Minimal Access Surgery (MAS) Training Center in Mumbai has over the last 7 years trained more than 8000 surgeons in various MAS specialities. The centre has initiated courses for LCRS training. Materials and Methods: The anatomy of the pig colon is very different from human anatomy. The pig colon anatomy is altered to mimic human colon anatomy in the porcine abdomen, permitting hands-on practice on most laparoscopic colorectal surgical procedures, as part of the LCRS training course, under mentorship of expert faculty, who simultaneously assess participants performance. Results: Each participant performs and assists for at least three procedures and is evaluated at each step of the procedure by a structured format. The overall evaluation by Faculty which though subjective, is detailed and favourable. Feedback of each participant is good and acceptable as a very helpful course. Conclusion: This porcine model is ideal for hands-on training for LCRS. Participants achieve a good degree of skill level and confidence in performing LCRS procedures on fresh bleeding porcine cadaver models. The centre is factual and pragmatic and stresses that it needs more than a course to make a safe surgeon; operation room mentorship is the finishing school.


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© 2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04