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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 165-174

Feasibility of robot-assisted surgery in elderly patients with rectal cancer


1 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery; Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery; Department of Surgery, Division of General and Digestive Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
4 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital; Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiaokang Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
5 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery; Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
6 Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery; Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine; Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine; Center for Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Jaw-Yuan Wang
Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100 Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_154_19

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Background: Although surgical resection is the main treatment for rectal cancer, the optimal surgical protocol for elderly patients with rectal cancer remains controversial. This study evaluated the feasibility of robot-assisted surgery in elderly patients with rectal cancer. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 156 patients aged 28–93 years diagnosed with Stage I–III rectal cancer, who underwent robot-assisted surgery between May 2013 and December 2018 at a single institution. Results: In total, 156 patients with rectal cancer, including 126 non-elderly (aged < 70 years) and 30 elderly (aged ≥70 years) patients, who underwent robot-assisted surgery were recruited. Between the patient groups, the post-operative length of hospital stay did not differ statistically significantly (P = 0.084). The incidence of overall post-operative complications was statistically significantly lower in the elderly group (P = 0.002). The disease-free and overall survival did not differ statistically significantly between the two groups (P = 0.719 and 0.390, respectively). Conclusions: Robot-assisted surgery for rectal cancer was well tolerated by elderly patients, with similar results to the non-elderly patients. Oncological outcomes and survival did not depend on patient age, suggesting that robot-assisted surgery is a feasible surgical modality for treating operable rectal cancer and leads to age-independent post-operative outcomes in elderly patients.






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