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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 323-327

Is a difficult gallbladder worth removing in its entirety? – Outcomes of subtotal cholecystectomy

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ramesh Rajan
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_2_19

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Background: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy one of the commonest procedures performed worldwide isn't spared from the risks of disastrous iatrogenic complications. In patients with obscured anatomy, the idea of performing a safe total cholecystectomy can be hindered with a high risk of biliovascular injuries. In such a situation STC (subtotal cholecystectomy) comes to the rescue, where the diseased organ can be tackled fairly, without any further damage. Aims and Objectives: The primary aim was to look at the immediate and long-term outcomes of subtotal cholecystectomy. Subgroup analysis was done based on demographics, indications and surgical approach. Materials and Methods: We reviewed our prospectively maintained computerized operation database over nine years. STC was defined as leaving behind any portion of gallbladder other than the cystic duct. They were subclassified as per the description given by Palanivelu. Patients were evaluated with laboratory and radiological assessment. Results: A total of 70 out of 602 patients (11.6%) underwent STC. Dense adhesion at the calot's was the most important reason for STC. Subtype B was the most common. Nine patients (12.85%) had a bile leak in the postoperative period. There were no biliary/vascular injuries and 30-day mortality was zero. 22.8% developed SSI (surgical site infection). Over a median follow up of 38 months (range 5-98), clinical examination, LFT and USG revealed no abnormality in any of the patients. Conclusion: Subtotal cholecystectomy is a useful alternative during difficult gallbladder surgery. It should be considered early into the procedure preferably prior to conversion to an open procedure. Biliovascular injuries can be avoided and the Immediate and long-term outcomes are acceptable.


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