| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 298-303
Is robot-assisted radical cystectomy superior to standard open radical cystectomy? An Indian perspective
Dharma Ram1, Suhas K Rajappa1, Sudhir Rawal2, Amitabh Singh2, Prem B Singh3, Ajay K Dewan1
1 Department of Surgical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Uro-oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Urological Services, Max Superspeciality Hospital, New Delhi, India
Introduction: Open radical cystectomy (ORC) has been the standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer, but this is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has been proposed as minimally invasive alternative with improved morbidity and acceptable oncological outcomes, but a large series featuring RARC and their comparison with ORC is still lacking in India despite more than a decade of its inception. We have conducted this study with an objective to see the feasibility of RARC in the Indian context and compare it with contemporary standard.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study conducted at two tertiary cancer institutes. We have evaluated the patients pertaining to operative and early post-operative factors from January 2014 to December 2015. Necessary statistical tests applied to see comparability of the arms and their outcomes.
Results: A total of 170 patients underwent surgery for carcinoma bladder (45 ORC while 125 RARC). Intraoperative blood loss (RARC and ORC: 228 and 529 ml) and average transfusion rate were lower with RARC. A trend towards benefit was noted in favour of robotic arm in terms of mean complication rate (RARC and ORC: 54 and 39%).
Conclusions: The present study has shown comparable surgical and early post-operative outcomes with clear advantage of robotic approach in terms of intraoperative blood transfusion and lymph node yield. Although the study was non-randomised in nature, it should provide substantial evidence on safety and feasibility of RARC in the Indian context and a reference point of evidence to look ahead.
Dr. Dharma Ram
Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi - 110 085
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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