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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 87-92

Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: Current review of the technique and literature


Department of Urology, Wake Forest University Medical School and Baptist Medical Centre, Medical Centre Boulevard, Winston Salem - 27157, North Carolina, USA

Correspondence Address:
Iqbal Singh
Department of Urology (Robotics and Minimally Invasive Urology), Wake Forest University Medical Sciences and Baptist Medical Centre, Medical Centre Boluevard, Winston Salem, NC - 27157
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.59305

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Aim: To visit the operative technique and to review the current published English literature on the technique, and outcomes following robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RPN). Materials and Methods: We searched the published English literature and the PubMed (TM) for published series of 'robotic partial nephrectomy' (RPN) using the keywords; robot, robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy and laparoscopic surgery. Results: The search yielded 15 major selected series of 'robotic partial nephrectomy'; these were reviewed, tracked and analysed in order to determine the current status and role of RPN in the management of early renal neoplasm(s), as a minimally invasive surgical alternative to open partial nephrectomy. A review of the initial peri-operative outcome of the 350 cases of select series of RPN reported in published English literature revealed a mean operating time, warm ischemia time, estimated blood loss and hospital stay, of 191 minutes, 25 minutes, 162 ml and 2.95 days, respectively. The overall computed mean complication rate of RPN in the present select series was about 7.4%. Conclusions: RPN is a safe, feasible and effective minimally invasive surgical alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for early stage (T 1 ) renal neoplasm(s). It has acceptable initial renal functional outcomes without the increased risk of major complications in experienced hands. Prospective randomised, controlled, comparative clinical trials with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) are the need of the day. While the initial oncological outcomes of RPN appear to be favourable, long-term data is awaited.






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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04