Users Online : 1309 About us |  Subscribe |  e-Alerts  | Feedback | Login   |   
Journal of Minimal Access Surgery Current Issue | Archives | Ahead Of Print Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
           Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 
 ¤  Next article
 ¤  Previous article 
 ¤  Table of Contents
 ¤   Similar in PUBMED
 ¤  Search Pubmed for
 ¤  Search in Google Scholar for
 ¤Related articles
 ¤   Article in PDF (47 KB)
 ¤   Citation Manager
 ¤   Access Statistics
 ¤   Reader Comments
 ¤   Email Alert *
 ¤   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 ¤  Abstract
 ¤  Introduction
 ¤  Case Report
 ¤  Discussion
 ¤  References
 ¤  Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded152    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal


Year : 2009  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 75-77

Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman

Department of Surgery, 'A. Manzoni' Hospital, Via dell'Eremo 9/11, 23900 Lecco, Italy

Date of Submission02-Sep-2008
Date of Acceptance12-Feb-2009
Date of Web Publication23-Dec-2009

Correspondence Address:
Fulvio Tagliabue
Department of Surgery, "Alessandro Manzoni" Hospital, Via dell'Eremo 9/11, 23900 Lecco
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.58502

Rights and Permissions

 ¤ Abstract 

Ovarian cysts are the most common cause of pelvic masses in women, and in the majority of the cases, women are in their fertile age. Today, the surgical treatment has become more conservative and less invasive; hence, a laparoscopic approach in the presence of benign cysts has become a gold standard. Herein, we report a case of a 21-year-old woman referred to our Surgical Department for an abdominal mass, discovered with a computerised tomographic scan, of 20x10 x 25cm arising from the left ovary, treated with the laparoscopic approach.

Keywords: Benign ovarian cyst, laparoscopy, ovary

How to cite this article:
Tagliabue F, Acquaro P, Confalonieri G, Spagnolo S, Romelli A, Costa M. Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman. J Min Access Surg 2009;5:75-7

How to cite this URL:
Tagliabue F, Acquaro P, Confalonieri G, Spagnolo S, Romelli A, Costa M. Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman. J Min Access Surg [serial online] 2009 [cited 2021 Aug 3];5:75-7. Available from:

 ¤ Introduction Top

Ovarian cysts are most common cause of pelvic masses in women, and in the majority of the cases are women in fertal age. Today the surgical treatment has become more conservative and less invasive, hence laparoscopic approach in presence of benign cysts has become a gold standard.

 ¤ Case Report Top

A 21-year-old nulligravid woman was seen for the first time at our department after 8 months of progressive abdominal distension without other symptoms. She did not have a family history for cancer. She referred no bowel or urinary disturbance and her periods were regular. On examination, the abdomen was distended by a large abdominal mass that reached above the level of the umbilicus. Transvaginal ultrasonography did not show abnormalities. The abdominal CT scan showed a large simple cyst with a thin wall uniloculated measuring approximately 19 x11 x 26 cm occupying the pelvis, ipo and mesogastrium [Figure 1].

Her serum tumour markers were all within the normal range. The pre-operative evaluation revealed features of a benign cyst, and her general health conditions were good so the authors decided to use the laparoscopic approach. During the operation, the cyst was found to be arising from the left ovary and was about 20 x10 x 25 cm in size. The rest of the abdominal cavity seemed normal [Figure 2]. The cyst had dense adhesions with the left ovary and had many venous vessels. It was impossible to separate the ovary from the cyst. Therefore, the cyst and the ovary were removed en bloc through a suprapubic incision near the hairline.

Before removing the cyst, 4000 ml of clear liquid was aspirated and a sample was taken for the cytological study [Figure 3].

The pathological examination revealed a benign serous cystadenoma. The patient has been discharged 3 days later in good health.

 ¤ Discussion Top

The employment of laparoscopy for the surgical management of benign ovarian cysts has become popular. Although it is a challenging task when the cysts are large. A randomized prospective study [1] comparing laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of patients with benign ovarian masses less than 10 cm in diameter reported a significant reduction in operative morbidity, postoperative pain and analgesic requirement, hospital stay and recovery period. However, the same results can be obtained with large cysts also.

In the surgical treatment of benign ovarian cysts in young women, independently of its size, one of the main goals that all surgeons need keep in mind is to preserve the reproductive and hormonal functions of the ovaries and prevent recurrence. However, relatively frequent, this cannot be achieved because the cysts have strong adhesions with the ovary as reported in this paper.

The laparoscopic approach for the removal of cysts with a diameter greater than 10 cm presents different difficulties; the most important are as follows: First, the rupture of the cysts with spillage of its contents during the introduction of a trocar or Veress needle. The authors prefer an open technique with the use of a Hasson trocar near the umbilicus. They did not aspirate the cyst prior to the operation. A recent literature revealed that some authors prefer cyst size reduction prior to laparoscopy and it may be obtained using different techniques such as ultrasound-guided aspiration [2] or with the use of the Bonanno catheter. [3] Second, there is a limited visualization and work space that causes difficulties in identifying important structures such as the ureters. Third, the extraction of the cyst is not simple and in the presence of potential malignancy, spillage of the cyst contents could lead to dissemination and seeking where the trocars were placed. The significance of spillage in cases of malignancy is controversial. The concern about spillage of tumour cells and its possible worsening of prognosis arose from early studies of tumour rupture. Dembo et al . [4] studied the rate of relapse in 519 stage 1 epithelial ovarian cancer patients by logistic regression and multivariate analysis. The only factors that influence tumour relapse were tumour grade, the presence of dense adhesions or the presence of large volume ascites. [1] Therefore, the intra-operative rupture of tumour did not influence the prognosis. This statement is clearly supported by Sevelda et al ., [5] who studied the survival of patients with moderately and poorly differentiated stage 1 ovarian carcinoma and they concluded that there is no difference in the survival rate between the patients with intra-operative cyst rupture.

The authors believe that in selecting the patient one must consider both general health conditions and the morphology of the cysts with preoperative imaging indicating benign features of the cysts.

 ¤ References Top

1.Yeun PM, Yu KM, Yip SK, Lau WC, Rogers MS, Chang A. A randomized prospective study of laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of benign ovarian masses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177:109-14.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Nagele F, Magos AL. Combined ultrasonographically guided drainage and laparoscopic excision of a large ovarian cyst. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;175:1377-8.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Eltabbakh GH, Chaboneau AM, Eltabbakh NG. Laparoscopic surgery for large benign ovarian cysts. Gynecol Oncology 2008;108:72-6.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Dembo A, Davy M, Stenwig A. Prognostic factors in patients with stage I epithelial ovarian cancer. Obstet Gynecol 1990;75:263-72.  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.Sevelda P, Dittrich C, Salzer H. Prognostic value of the rupture of the capsule in stage I epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol 1989;35:321-2.  Back to cited text no. 5      


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]

This article has been cited by
1 An easy new approach to the laparoscopic treatment of large adnexal cysts
Lee, L.-C., Sheu, B.-C., Chou, L.-Y., Huang, S.-C., Chang, D.-Y., Chang, W.-C.
Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies. 2011; 20(3): 150-154
2 An easy new approach to the laparoscopic treatment of large adnexal cysts
Long-Chien Lee,Bor-Ching Sheu,Li-Yun Chou,Su-Cheng Huang,Daw-Yuan Chang,Wen-Chun Chang
Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies. 2011; 20(3): 150
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article


© 2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04