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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-159

TAPP - Stuttgart technique and result of a large single center series

Department for General and Visceral Surgery, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Boeheimstrasse 37, D-70199 Stuttgart, Germany

Correspondence Address:
R Bittner
Department for General and Visceral Surgery, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Boeheimstrasse 37, D-70199 Stuttgart
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.27730

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Laparoscopic hernioplasty is assessed as a difficult operation. Operative technique determines the frequency of complications, the time of recovery and the rate of recurrences. A proper technique is absolutely necessary to achieve results that are superior to open hernia surgery. Technique: The key points in our technique are 1) use of nondisposable instruments; 2) use of blunt trocars, consisting of expanding and non-incisive cone-shaped tips; 3) spacious and curved opening to the peritoneum, high above all possible hernia openings; 4) meticulous dissection of the entire pelvic floor; 5) complete reduction of the hernial sac; 6) wide parietalization of the peritoneal sac, at least down to the mid of psoas muscle; 7) implantation of a large mesh, at least 10 cm × 15 cm; 8) fixation of the mesh by clip to Cooper's ligament, to the rectus muscle and lateral to the epigastric vessels, high above the ileopubic tract; 9) the use of glue allows fixation also to the latero-caudial region; and 10) closure of the peritoneum by running suture. Results: With this technique in 12,678 hernia repairs, the following results could be achieved: operating time - 40 min; morbidity - 2.9%; recurrence rate - 0.7%; disability of work - 14 days. In all types of hernias (recurrence after previous open surgery, recurrence after previous preperitoneal operation, scrotal hernia, hernia in patients after transabdominal prostate resection), similar results could be achieved. Summary: Laparoscopic hernia repair can be performed successfully in clinical practice even by surgeons in training. Precondition for the success is a strictly standardized operative technique and a well-structured educational program.


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