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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ahead of Print

Post-cholecystectomy syndrome: A new look at an old problem


1 Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Robin Kaushik,
Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh - 160 030
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Despite being the most commonly performed operations, sometimes cholecystectomy fails to relieve symptoms; this is now a well-recognised clinical entity termed 'post-cholecystectomy syndrome' (PCS). Very few studies from India deal with PCS, and the present study was carried out to find the incidence and risk factors for PCS in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Materials and Methods: The records of 207 patients undergoing elective LC were prospectively maintained for 6 months after surgery. Persistence or appearance of new symptoms after surgery was documented and investigated only when they persisted beyond 30 days of surgery. Results: There were 185 (89.4%) female patients and 22 (10.6%) male patients with a mean age of 44.4 years (age range: 12–79 years). Conversion to open cholecystectomy was done in 18 patients (8.69%), mainly due to adhesions and unclear anatomy. The incidence of symptoms was found to be 13% at 6 months follow-up, showing a reducing trend from 58% in the 1st week after LC; the most common symptom in symptomatic patients was dyspepsia (55.56%). On investigation, a cause for symptoms could be detected in only 0.97%. Conclusion: Symptoms are common after LC, but they settle over time. Very few patients have a detectable cause for symptoms after LC, and it is difficult to predict which patients will become symptomatic after LC; in the present series, previous attacks of cholecystitis and presence of co-morbid conditions were the only consistent risk factors for symptoms after LC.


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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04