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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
October-December 2019
Volume 15 | Issue 4
Page Nos. 281-362

Online since Tuesday, September 10, 2019

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REVIEW ARTICLE  

Safety, feasibility and clinical outcome of minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair in patients with previous radical prostatectomy: A systematic review of the literature p. 281
Davide La Regina, Paolo Gaffuri, Marcello Ceppi, Andrea Saporito, Matteo Ferrari, Matteo Di Giuseppe, Francesco Mongelli
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_218_18  PMID:30416142
Background: Radical prostatectomy (RP) represents an important acquired risk factor for the development of primary inguinal hernias (IH) with an estimated incidence rates of 15.9% within the first 2 years after surgery. The prostatectomy-related preperitoneal fibrotic reaction can make the laparoendoscopic repair of the IH technically difficult, even if safety and feasibility have not been extensively evaluated yet. We conducted a systematic review of the available literature. Methods: A comprehensive computer literature search of PubMed and MEDLINE databases was carried out in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Terms used to search were ('laparoscopic' OR 'laparoscopy') AND ('inguinal' OR 'groin' OR 'hernia') AND 'prostatectomy'. Results: The literature search from PubMed and MEDLINE databases revealed 156 articles. Five articles were considered eligible for the analysis, including 229 patients who underwent 277 hernia repairs. The pooled analysis indicates no statistically significant difference of post-operative complications (Risk Ratios [RR] 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85–4.97), conversion to open surgery (RR 3.91; 95% CI 0.85–18.04) and recurrence of hernia (RR 1.39; 95% CI 0.39–4.93) between the post-prostatectomy group and the control group. There was a statistically significant difference of minor intraoperative complications (RR 4.42; CI 1.05–18.64), due to an injury of the inferior epigastric vessels. Conclusions: Our systematic review suggests that, in experienced hands, safety, feasibility and clinical outcomes of minimally invasive repair of IH in patients previously treated with prostatectomy, are comparable to those patients without previous RP.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Retrorectus sublay mesh repair using polypropylene mesh: Cost-effective approach for laparoscopic treatment of ventral abdominal wall hernias p. 287
Kalpesh Jani, Samir Contractor
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_20_19  PMID:31031328
Introduction: Laparoscopic repair of ventral abdominal hernias has become a standard of care. The surgery involves placement of a composite mesh with 3–5 cm overlap at the edges of the defect. The disadvantage of this repair is one, the composite mesh used for intraperitoneal placement is quite costly and two, it leaves a foreign body inside the peritoneal cavity, with the potential to cause problems in the future. To circumvent both these issues, we have developed a new approach, called the retrorectus sublay Mesh (RRSM) repair, which allows placement of a plain polypropylene mesh in an extraperitoneal plane. Patients and Methods: Patients with paraumbilical hernia and lower midline incisional hernias were included in this pilot study performed at a single centre by the same surgeon. The steps of the technique are described in detail. Results: Since 2016, a total of 52 patients were operated by this technique, including both male and female patients. It included patients with para-umbilical hernias as well as incisional hernias. The RRSM repair could be successfully carried out in all the patients. In six of the patients, transversus abdominis release was added as the defect size was large to allow closure of the defect. The results were satisfactory with a low morbidity and no mortality. Conclusion: In our opinion, the RRSM technique is an important tool in the armamentarium of the laparoscopic surgeon dealing with ventral abdominal hernias, allowing placement of polypropylene mesh in an extraperitoneal space. It allows significant cost savings as compared to the prevalent intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair.
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Minimally invasive neck dissection: A 3-year retrospective experience of 45 cases p. 293
Sandeep P Nayak, M Devaprasad, Ameenudhin Khan
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_40_18  PMID:29974878
Objective: Robot-assisted neck dissection requires a larger wound, is expensive and requires specialised equipment which is not easily available. We have developed an inexpensive minimally invasive neck dissection (MIND) procedure using simple endoscopic instruments in the past. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety, efficacy and reproducibility of the technique. Materials and Methods: From January 2013 to December 2016, we performed MIND on 45 patients with oral cancer using the standard endoscopic equipment. CO2 gas insufflation was used to create the working space. Intra-operative data, post-operative data and pathological characteristics were evaluated and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) Kaplan–Meier curves were compared using the Log-Rank test. Results: Median operative time was 130 (80–190) min with a mean blood loss of 63 (20–150) ml. Major intra-operative complications were not observed. The median number of nodes retrieved was 14 (range: 7–38). Three patients with a positive lymph node were advised to undergo adjuvant radiotherapy. After consultation, 12 out of 13 tongue cancer patients with a tumour depth >3 mm underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. Mean follow-up period was 31.5 (95% confidence interval [CI] 27.9–35.1) months and 27.8 (95% CI 23.6–32.1) months for OS and DFS, respectively. Four (8.9%) deaths and 8 (17.8%) recurrences were observed. The 3-year OS and DFS was 91.1% and 82.2%, respectively. Conclusion: MIND is aesthetically better than conventional procedures for oral cancer patients due to its safety, efficacy and reproducibility at any centre using the standard laparoscopic equipment.
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Laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair is safe and feasible in patients with continuation of antithrombotics p. 299
Chen-Hsun Ho, Chia-Chang Wu, Chao-Chuan Wu, Yao-Chou Tsai
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_128_18  PMID:30106020
Aims: We aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair in patients with the continuation of their antithrombotic agents. Settings and Design: This was prospective cohort study. Materials and Methods: A total of 115 patients who underwent TEP inguinal hernia repair between January 2015 and September 2016 were included in the analysis. Seventeen patients continued their antithrombotics (antithrombotic group); the other 98 had not been on antithrombotics (control group). Statistical Analysis Used: The analysis was performed by using Mann–Whitney U-test, Chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Results: The antithrombotic group had a greater mean age (65.9 ± 8.0 vs. 57.7 ± 13.6,P= 0.002) and higher prevalence of hypertension (64.7% vs. 33.7%,P= 0.015), cardiovascular diseases (64.7% vs. 7.1%,P < 0.001), atrial fibrillation (23.5% vs. 0,P < 0.001), ischaemic heart disease (35.3% vs. 0,P < 0.001) and the American Society of Anaesthesiologists ≥2 (94.1% vs. 81.6%,P= 0.005). The operation time for the antithrombotic group was longer than that of the control group (92.06 ± 32.81 min vs. 72.33 ± 20.99 min,P= 0.015). None experienced conversion to open surgery in either group. There was no difference in the post-operative complications (29.4% vs. 28.6%) and sero-haematoma formation (23.5% vs. 11.1%). The analgesic requirement, hospital stays (23.72 ± 7.74 vs. 22.35 ± 10.33 h) and the time for return to normal daily activity (3.56 ± 1.74 vs. 3.63 ± 1.90) were not statistically different between the two groups. None in either group experienced major cardiovascular events within 30 days. Conclusions: Laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair can be safely performed in patients with the continuation of their antithrombotic agents in experienced hands.
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Laparoscopic and robotic specimen retrieval system (Modified Nadiad Bag): Validation and cost-effectiveness study model p. 305
Chaitanya Sharad Deshmukh, Arvind P Ganpule, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Ravindra B Sabnis, Mahesh R Desai
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_124_18  PMID:29974873
Aim: To construct and validate a cost-effective indigenously made retrieval system (Modified Nadiad bag) in minimal access urology. Method: The components of the modified Nadiad bag are a polyethylene roll, fishnet thread, and a 5 Fr ureteral catheter. The bag is indigenously made in our institute and used for organ retrieval after proper sterilization. The video recordings of entrapments and retrievals done over the past few months were reviewed. The procedures under review in which the bag was used were: Robot Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (50 cases), laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (50 cases), laparoscopic simple nephrectomy (50 cases) and laparoscopic adrenalectomy (18 cases). We also compared the retrieval time with experts and novices. Results: The retrieval times, the organ size (largest dimension) and specimen weight were records for each case. Multivariate analysis of the data was done and we extrapolated the retrieval time with organ size, specimen weight and expertise of the surgeon. There was no significant difference among expert surgeons and novice surgeons with regards to retrieval times (p value = 0.29), with regards to organ size (p value = 0.83) and with regards to specimen weight (p value = 0.99). Conclusion: Our design of retrieval system offers a cost-effective option which is easy to make, without the risk of tumor seeding and without the need for separate access sheath. It's a retrieval system which has proved its efficacy in laparoscopic as well as robotic procedures with no bearing on the expertise of the surgeon involved.
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A study of primary single and layered suture technique by using two-port laparoscopic choledocholithotomy p. 311
Zhu Jie, Li Hong, Zhou Shaocheng, Zhang Bin, Wang Haibiao
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_48_18  PMID:29974880
Background: The aim of this study is to explore the application value of layered suture technique in two-port laparoscopic choledocholithotomy with primary suture. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 267 patients received laparoscopic common bile duct choledocholithotomy with primary suture in our hospital from January 2014 to July 2017. Of these cases, layered suture technique was utilised in 110 patients, and single-suture technique was used in 157 patients. The operation time, post-operative hospital stay and post-operative complications were compared between the two groups. Results: Two groups of patients were operated smoothly, with no conversations to laparotomy. Post-operative recovery was symptom free. The operative time was not significantly different between the two groups of patients (t = −'0.587,P= 0.086). The post-operative hospital stay and incidence of post-operative bile leakage were significantly lower in layered suture group than those in single-layer suture group ([7.6 ± 1.8] days vs. [5.8 ± 1.7] days, t = 2.776,P= 0.000; 4.5% [5/110] vs. 20.4% [32/157], χ2 = 9.885,P= 0.002). In the single-layer suture group, the incidence of post-operative bile leakage was significantly higher in patients complicated with acute cholangitis (44.4% [12/27] vs. 15.4% [20/130], χ2 = 11.634,P= 0.001), whereas in the layered suture group, the incidence of post-operative bile leakage was insignificantly different among patients with and without acute cholangitis (11.8% [2/17] vs. 3.2% [3/93], χ2 = 0.848,P= 0.357). Conclusion: Application of layered suture technique in laparoscopic choledocholithotomy with primary suture is feasible and safe, with advantages of less bile leakage and shorter hospital stay.
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Retrospective case-matched study between reduced port laparoscopic rectopexy and conventional laparoscopic rectopexy for rectal prolapse p. 316
Akira Umemura, Takayuki Suto, Hisataka Fujiwara, Seika Nakamura, Fumitaka Endo, Akira Sasaki
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_100_18  PMID:30178763
Introduction: Reduced port laparoscopic Well's procedure (RPLWP) is a novel technique used to overcome the limitations of single-incision laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between RPLWP and conventional laparoscopic Well's procedure (CLWP) and to investigate the learning curve of RPLWP. Patients and Methods: From January 2006 to March 2017, a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained laparoscopic surgery database was performed to identify patients had undergone CLWP and RPLWP. From these patients, each of 10 cases were manually matched for age, sex, body mass index. From January 2006 to March 2015, CLWP was used for all procedures whereas, from April 2015, RPLWP was routinely performed as a standard procedure for rectal prolapse. Results: No significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of operating time, blood loss, intraoperative complications, and conversion to CLWP or open rectopexy. Based on the postoperative outcomes, the hospital stay was significantly shorter in the RPLWP group. The estimated learning curve for RPLWP was fitted and defined as y = 278.47e-0.064x with R2 = 0.838; therefore, a significant decrease in operative time was observed by using the more advanced surgical procedure. Conclusions: RPLWP is an effective, safe, minimally invasive procedural alternative to CLWP with no disadvantage for patients when a skilled surgeon performs it.
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Human fibrin sealant reduces post-operative bile leakage of primary closure after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in patients with choledocholithiasis p. 320
Xu Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yang Yu, Shibo Sun, Tiewei Sun, Yan Sun
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_129_18  PMID:29974875
Context: Primary closure of the common bile duct (CBD) without drainage is considered a suitable approach after laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE); however, the risk of post-operative bile leakage is high. Up to now, it has not been clear whether human fibrin sealant can reduce post-operative bile leakage of the primary suture. Aims: In this study, we evaluated the role of human fibrin sealant in primary closure of the CBD after LCBDE. Subjects and Methods: Patients with choledocholithiasis who had undergone primary duct closure of the CBD after LCBDE were divided into two groups according to whether fibrin sealant was used. Statistical Analysis Used: Fisher's exact test or the Chi-square test was used for categorical variables to calculate frequencies and percentages between the groups. The Student's t-test was used to compare the means of the continuous variables between the groups. Results: The human fibrin sealant group had a lower rate of post-operative bile leakage compared to the other group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in additional parameters such as operative time, post-operative stay duration, time to drain removal, bile duct stenosis, acute allergic reaction and overall mortality. Conclusions: Human fibrin sealant can reduce post-operative bile leakage in primary closure of CBD after LCBDE in patients with choledocholithiasis.
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Laparoscopic hepatectomy for patients who received enterostomy p. 325
Bao Jin, Shunda Du, Haifeng Xu, Yongchang Zheng, Xin Lu, Xinting Sang, Yilei Mao
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_78_18  PMID:30106029
Background: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is more conducive to the rapid rehabilitation of patients after surgery compared with open hepatectomy. However, there have been no reports on performing laparoscopic resection for liver metastases in enterostomy patients. Materials: From December 2016 to April 2017, the Liver Surgery Department of the Peking Union Medical College Hospital received three patients who had focal liver lesions after colorectal cancer surgery and enterostomy. We performed laparoscopic hepatectomy for these three patients and reviewed relevant literature. Results: All of these three patients' post-operative recovery was good. We found three different positions of the stomas and the corresponding abdominal adhesions in these three patients. We also summarised several possible related surgical techniques. Conclusion: For patients with colorectal cancer and enterostomy after an operation, implementation of laparoscopic hepatectomy is feasible. Further research is still required for a more comprehensive assessment of this surgical approach.
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Evaluation of 5-year results of laparoscopic transhiatal oesophagectomy as a single-centre experience p. 331
Shailesh Puntambekar, Yogesh Gauba, Mihir Chitale, Manoj Manchekar, Mangesh Panse, Priyesh Halgaonkar, Mehul Mehta, Advait Jathar, Ravindra Sathe, Aishwarya Puntambekar
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_81_18  PMID:30106030
Introduction: Minimal Invasive Surgery of oesophageal cancers is gaining popularity. We have published our Thoracoscopic Esophagectomy results. The present study focuses on our expertise of TransHiatal Esophagectomy. Materials and Methods: 287 patients underwent Esophagectomies for Cancer of Esophagus at Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute from January 2010 to December 2014 after thorough assesment. Out of these, 81 patients underwent laparoscopic trans hiatal esophagectomies. Their charts were reviewed retrospectively for intraoperative and postoperative results. The median follow up was 28 months. Results: Out of 81 patients,76 patients had R0 resection and 5 had R1. The average lymphnode yield was 20,average survival was 28months. 3 patients had local recurrence,18 had regional recurrence and 30 had distant recurrence. Average operating time was 140 min,mean blood loss was 80 ml. Average Post-operative ICU stay was 1 day and hospital stay 7 days. Conclusion: Classic THE has limitations which can be overcome by the use of laparoscopic techniques. Laparoscopic approach for THE has better magnified vision facilitating better clearance under vision. Hence we recommend laparoscopic technique for THE to minimize morbidity and improve oncologic results.
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UNUSUAL CASES Top

Robotic-assisted enteric sparing excision of jejunal duplication cyst p. 336
Bhushanrao Bhagawan Jadhav, Gursev Ramchand Sandlas
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_221_18  PMID:30618427
Duplication cysts of the gastrointestinal tract are rare and have varied presentations. Complete excision of the cyst is the treatment of choice, either by the open method or laparoscopic method. Authors describe the case of a jejunal duplication cyst excised by robotic minimally invasive surgery. A more safe and precise excision of bowel duplication cysts without bowel resection is possible with the help of robotic assistance.
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Laparoscopic resection of a gastrointestinal stromal tumour in a Meckel's diverticulum p. 339
Sala Abdalla, Tayo Oke
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_239_18  PMID:30618430
A Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract which is estimated to be present in 2% of the population. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are rare, soft-tissue tumours which represent 0.1%–3% of all gastrointestinal tumours. The association of an MD and a GIST is extremely unusual since fewer than 3% of MD harbour primary neoplasms and most of these neoplasms are carcinoid tumours. While MDs may remain asymptomatic throughout life, a small proportion may be complicated by occult gastrointestinal bleeding, inflammation, perforation and small bowel obstruction. A tumour in an MD may be asymptomatic or can cause vague abdominal pain and small bowel obstruction if it is larger in dimension. The authors present a rare case of a 5.5 cm GIST in an MD that was completely resected through a laparoscopic approach.
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Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy and splenectomy for diverticulitis and splenic sarcoidosis p. 342
Natalia Kubicki, Stephen Kavic, Hugo JR Bonatti
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_191_18  PMID:30618420
Splenectomy together with colectomy is most commonly performed as a result of iatrogenic injury and not as an additional elective procedure. A 50-year-old African American female presented with recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. She had mediastinal, and porta hepatis lymphadenopathy and subcutaneous nodules, but multiple biopsies were unable to establish the diagnosis. On computed tomography scan, innumerable hypodense splenic lesions were noted. The patient underwent combined laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy and splenectomy. First, the severely inflamed sigmoid colon was mobilised followed by descending colon and splenic flexure. The spleen, which showed multiple granulomas, was dissected out and the hilum secured with a stapler. The rectum was now stapled, the Pfannenstiel incision was reopened, the spleen was removed in a retrieval bag and the colon was pulled out. The colorectal anastomosis was created with an end-to-end anastomotic (circular) stapler. Pathology demonstrated multiple non-caseating granulomas indicative for sarcoidosis and acute/chronic diverticulitis. The patient developed a superficial surgical site infection but no other complications. Prednisone and methotrexate were started and her sarcoidosis improved. She was well at her 2 years of follow-up. Only few patients have an indication for elective splenectomy together with segmental colectomy. The procedure can be safely performed using a laparoscopic approach.
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A case of vaginal recurrence following laparoscopic left-sided colon cancer resection combined with transvaginal specimen extraction p. 345
Ersin Gündoğan, Egemen Cicek, Fatih Sumer, Cuneyt Kayaalp
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_182_18  PMID:30618419
Here, we presented a case of laparoscopic colon cancer resection who developed vaginal recurrence after transvaginal specimen extraction. To our knowledge, this is the first case report on natural orifice specimen extraction-site cancer recurrence. A 59-year-old female underwent laparoscopic left hemicolectomy due to left-sided colon adenocarcinoma, and the specimen was removed through the vagina. She was admitted to the hospital with the complaint of vaginal discharge after 1 year. Tumoural infiltration on the posterior vaginal wall was diagnosed, and biopsy was reported as adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection, total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingooferectomy and en bloc resection of the posterior vaginal wall due to the local recurrence of colon cancer. She had no recurrence or metastasis within the 3rd year after primary tumour surgery. Recurrence at the specimen extraction site after natural orifice surgery should be considered among the complications. For this reason, incision-preserving methods should not be neglected.
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Transverse colon stenosis following laparoscopic total gastrectomy for gastric remnant carcinoma p. 348
Egemen Cicek, Fatih Sumer, Ersin Gundogan, Cihan Gokler, Cuneyt Kayaalp
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_229_18  PMID:30618429
Laparoscopic surgery for remnant gastric cancer has been reported in a limited number of cases, and data on post-operative complications are lacking. A 58-year-old male was admitted with remnant gastric cancer. He had undergone open subtotal gastrectomy 9 years ago for gastric cancer. Laparoscopic total gastrectomy was performed, and he was discharged on the 10th day uneventfully. The patient had complained of nausea and vomiting in the 2nd post-operative month. He clinically and radiologically diagnosed as ileus and required open emergency surgery. There was a transverse colon stenosis near the splenic flexure. Hartmann's procedure was done, and he was discharged on day 17. We have limited knowledge about colonic complications after laparoscopic gastric surgery. The development of stenosis in the transverse colon is one of these complications that should be kept in mind. As far as we know, such a complication has never been reported before.
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Unexplained ascites following laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A surgeon's nightmare – A case report and review of literature p. 351
Varun Madaan, GK Adithya, Satya Prakash Jindal, Rigved Gupta, Vivek Tandon, Deepak Govil
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_240_18  PMID:30618431
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has many known complications which can be ascertained to a particular cause. We report a case of ascites development in a young female immediately after Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, for which a cause cannot be found. On review of medical literature, there are few similar case reports, based on them; it can be ascertained to acute allergic reaction to the material used during the procedure may be the CO2 or the electrocautery.
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HOW I DO IT Top

Techniques and pitfalls of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients p. 353
Junsheng Li, Guoyi Shao
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_113_18  PMID:29974871
Background: Increasing evidence suggests that kyphoscoliosis may play a role in the pathophysiology of paraesophageal hernia development. The presence of severe kyphoscoliosis not only increases the incidence of paraesophageal hernia but also increases the risk of hiatal hernia (HH) repair. Moreover, the technical skills and the pitfalls of laparoscopic repair of HH in this special condition have yet been described. Methods: The technical skills, experience and pitfalls of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients were described. These include perioperative care of patients' pulmonary function, patients' operating position and trocar placement, and the key steps and risks of laparoscopic HH repair in this special condition. Results: Paraesophageal HHs were successfully laparoscopically repaired, and prolonged hospital stay was due to post-operative pulmonary complications. Conclusion: These techniques are essential to minimise the perioperative complications in laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair in severe kyphoscoliosis patients, and great pulmonary care is required in these patients.
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HOW I DO IT DIFFERENTLY? Top

Double indocyanine green technique of robotic right colectomy: Introduction of a new technique p. 357
Jarek Kobiela, Emilio Bertani, Wanda Petz, Cristiano Crosta, Giuseppe De Roberto, Simona Borin, Dario Ribero, Diana Baldassari, Piotr Spychalski, Giuseppe Spinoglio
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_127_18  PMID:29974874
In robotic right hemicolectomy for colorectal cancer (CRC), appropriate lymphadenectomy and anastomotic leak prevention are critical. Visualisation of lymph nodes and blood flow with near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence DaVinci® imaging system is a recent development. Herein, we present an improved robotic modified complete mesocolic excision (mCME) technique using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence. Before surgery, ICG is injected into the submucosa around the tumour with endoscopy for intraoperative detection of lymph nodes. Robotic mCME with central vascular ligation is performed, supplemented in most of the cases with selective extended lymphadenectomy. Intestinal blood flow before anastomosis is evaluated by administering ICG intravenously and NIR visualisation. Visualisation of the lymph nodes with ICG facilitates standard mCME lymphadenectomy and enables extended lymphadenectomy. Blood flow of the intestinal walls of the anastomotic site can be assessed and determines the extent of intestinal resection. Robotic double ICG technique for robotic right hemicolectomy enables improved lymphadenectomy and warrants the extent of intestinal resection; thus, becoming a strong candidate for gold standard in robotic resections of the right colon for CRC.
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR Top

Predicting the degree of difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography- Subgroup analysis does not improve the prediction p. 360
Nitya Krishnamohan, Christina Lo, Ravindra S Date
DOI:10.4103/jmas.JMAS_190_18  PMID:30416139
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ERRATUM Top

Erratum: Retrorectal onlay mesh repair using polypropylene mesh: Cost-effective approach for laparoscopic treatment of ventral abdominal wall hernias p. 362

DOI:10.4103/0972-9941.188630  PMID:31512594
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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04