Users Online : 411 About us |  Subscribe |  e-Alerts  | Feedback | Login   
Journal of Minimal Access Surgery Current Issue | Archives | Ahead Of Print Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
           Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 
 ¤   Next article
 ¤   Previous article
 ¤   Table of Contents

 ¤   Similar in PUBMED
 ¤  Search Pubmed for
 ¤  Search in Google Scholar for
 ¤Related articles
 ¤   Citation Manager
 ¤   Access Statistics
 ¤   Reader Comments
 ¤   Email Alert *
 ¤   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded60    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-4

Outcomes of laparoscopic incarcerated inguinal hernia repair in children

1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children's Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster NHS Fdn Trust, Imperial College London, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Brigitta Balogh
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Surgery, University of Szeged, Koranyi Fasor 14-15, 6725 Szeged
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_84_19

Rights and Permissions

Aim: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) is gaining widespread acceptance, but its role in the management of incarcerated cases is not well outlined. This review analyses the outcomes of laparoscopic repair of incarcerated inguinal hernia in children. Patients and Methods: Literature was searched on PubMed® using terms 'laparoscopic', 'incarcerated', 'inguinal', 'hernia' and 'children'. Age, sex, side, sac content, operative technique, follow-up period, complication and recurrence rate were analysed. Results: Fifteen articles with 689 paediatric incarcerated inguinal hernias were identified between 1998 and 2018. Median age of patients was 22.4 months (2 weeks–16 years; M:F = 2.2:1). Side was mentioned in n = 576: n = 398 (69.1%) right and n = 178 (30.9%) left. In n = 355 (51.5%) manual reduction and delayed surgery (MRDS), in n = 34 (4.9%) manual reduction in general anaesthesia (MRGA) followed by emergency LHR and in n = 300 (43.5%) intraoperative reduction (IOR) was necessary. Incarcerated contents were documented in n = 68: intestine n = 36 (52.9%), ovary n = 14 (20.6%), omentum n = 11 (16.2%), appendix n = 5 (7.4%) and Meckel's diverticulum n = 2 (2.9%). Among the n = 18 girls in IOR group, n = 14 (77.8%) had ovaries incarcerated. For LHR, the hook method was used in 376 (54.6%) and purse-string suture in 313 (45.4%), with two conversions in IOR group. Mean followup was 15 months (3–80 months), with one (0.15%) testicular atrophy, and 4 (0.58%) recurrences in MRDS and 1 (0.15%) in IOR. All five cases were closed with pursestring technique. Total recurrence rate was 0.73%; significantly higher (P = 0.014) with pursestring (n = 5, 1.6%) than with the hook (none). Conclusion: Hook and purse-string methods are equally popular in LHR for paediatric incarcerated hernias, with 50% hernia reductions possible at the time of surgery. Recurrence rate is low and comparable with non-incarcerated hernias; however, it is significantly higher in purse-string method than hook technique.


Print this article     Email this article

© 2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04