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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 291-297

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy: The first Indian report


1 Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Arvind Kumar
Room 2328, Super Speciality and Research Block, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_148_17

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Introduction: The fear of pleural adhesions and densely stuck lymph nodes in India, a country where tuberculosis is endemic, is one major factor keeping our surgeons away from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. In this paper, we aim to report our experience with performing VATS lobectomy in 102 cases using a standardised three-port anterior approach. Materials and Methods: Between March 2012 and September 2016, we performed 102 VATS lobectomies. Sixty patients (58.8%) were males and 42 females (41.2%), with a mean age of 42.02 years. Diagnoses were as follows: benign disease (72), lung cancer (27) and pulmonary metastases (3). Among the cases with primary lung cancer, twenty out of 27 (74%) were adenocarcinoma and 7 cases of squamous carcinoma (25.92%). All patients underwent lobectomy by a standardised three-port anterior approach. Results: The overall conversion rate was 8.82% (n = 9). We observed no postoperative complications in 82 (80.4%) patients. The average blood loss was 211.37 ml. Mean operative time was 173 min. Median length of hospital stay was 5 with median chest tube duration of 4.9 days. There was no in hospital or 30-day mortality. The most common complication was prolonged air leak. Conclusion: From this first Indian series, it is clear that VATS lobectomy is feasible in both benign and malignant cases. It also shows that the fear of adhesions is unwarranted and properly selected benign cases can also undergo VATS lobectomy safely.






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