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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 231-235

The procedure outcome of laparoscopic resection for 'small' hepatocellular carcinoma is comparable to vlaparoscopic radiofrequency ablation


1 Surgical Clinic Unit 2, St. Martino Hospital; Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostics, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
2 Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostics, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
3 Hepato-bilio-pancreatic and Liver Transplant Unit, St. Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Marco Casaccia
UOC Clinica Chirurgica 2, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST, Monoblocco XI piano-Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10, 16132 - Genova
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.144093

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Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) and laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation (LRFA) in the treatment of small nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients and Methods: We enrolled 50 cirrhotic patients with similar baseline characteristics that underwent LLR (n = 26) or LRFA (n = 24), in both cases with intraoperative ultrasonography. Operative and peri-operative data were retrospectively evaluated. Results: LLR included anatomic resection in eight cases and non-anatomic resection in 18. In LRFA patients, a thermoablation of 62 nodules was achieved. Between LLR and LRFA groups, a significant difference was found both for median diameters of treated HCC nodules (30 vs. 17.1 mm; P < 0.001) and the number of treated nodules/patient (1.29 ± 0.62 vs. 2.65 ± 1.55; P < 0.001). A conversion to laparotomy occurred in two LLR patient (7.7%) for bleeding. No deaths occurred in both groups. Morbidity rates were 26.9% in the LLR group versus 16.6% in the LRFA group (P = 0.501). Hospital stay in the LLR and LRFA group was 8.30 ± 6.52 and 6.52 ± 2.69 days, respectively (P = 0.022). The surgical margin was free of tumour cells in all LLR patients, with a margin <5 mm in only one case. In the LRFA group, a complete response was achieved in 90.3% of thermoablated HCC nodules at the 1-month post-treatment computed tomography evaluation. Conclusions: LLR for small peripheral HCC in patients with chronic liver disease represents a valid alternative to LRFA in terms of patient toleration, surgical outcome of the procedure, and short-term morbidity.






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