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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-146
 

Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis


Department of Surgery, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication22-Jul-2013

Correspondence Address:
K Sugunakara Rao
Department of Surgery, King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.115385

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How to cite this article:
Rao K S. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis. J Min Access Surg 2013;9:145-6

How to cite this URL:
Rao K S. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis. J Min Access Surg [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 10];9:145-6. Available from: http://www.journalofmas.com/text.asp?2013/9/3/145/115385


Dear Sir,

I read with interest the recent unusual case, "Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with Situs Inversus Totalis a case report and review of literature", written by Gary B DeutschG. [1] I congratulate the author for his excellent work. I would like to comment on some of issues regarding selection of revisional procedure. Unfortunately, revisional surgery is required in 20-30% of cases of Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) given the failure of this first procedure to produce meaningful weight loss. The availability of different surgical options for treatment of failed gastric banding makes the question of which operation is best. Several revisional strategies have been proposed, but there is no consensus regarding the best surgical option. Revision of failed gastric banding can be converted into four different bariatric procedures like laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy [LSG], laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [LRYGB], and laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with or without duodenal switch [BPPDS]. But these surgical procedures are not equivalent alternatives as mentioned by author. Each procedure has its advantages and disadvantages with regards to safety, perioperative and long term morbidity, weight loss efficacy, and improvement of comorbidities. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a commonly chosen revision technique. The weight loss success rate after roux-en-Y gastric bypass revision surgery is generally excellent. Over the past few years laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is being done in few centers because it has a lower potential for complications. Revisional surgery to a duodenal switch is a complex operation and carries a high potential for major complications. Nonetheless, it can be accomplished safely with good long-term results.

Review of literature shows that the mean excess weight loss (EWL) after revision surgery for failed gastric banding was 22.0%, 57.8% , 47.1% for the LSG, LRYGB, and BPDDS group, respectively. The EWL reached 78.4% (35) in the BPPDS group after two years follow up. [2] Diabetes resolution was greatest for subjects undergoing biliopancreatic diversion [95%] followed by gastric bypass [80%] and 63% resolution seen after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. [3] Weight loss associated with LRYGBP significantly improves the symptoms of sleep apnea and improvement of obstructive sleep apnea symptoms occur as early as 1 month postoperatively. [4] Failed restrictive procedure, such as gastric banding, should be replaced by another, not purely restrictive, procedure. The laparoscopic conversion to a gastric bypass leads to a moderate restrictive procedure in combination with malabsorptive mechanisms and with suppression of gastrointestinal hormones, such as plasma ghrelin. [5] Conversion to a malabsorptive bariatric procedure may be the better option for this patient as she had body mass index of 42 kg/m 2 and had many co morbidities like, hypertension, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and obstructive sleep apnea. Stable weight loss and resolution of co morbidities appear promising after malabsorptive bariatric procedure. However, the choice of operation can be done after in- depth discussion between patients and surgeons with regard to perioperative and late complication data, long term weight loss, variability of weight loss, as well as data regarding the rate for remission of co morbidities between these procedures.

 
  References Top

1.Deutsch GB, Gunabushanam V, Mishra N, Sathyanarayana SA, Kamath V, Buchin D. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy after open gastric banding in a patient with situs inversus totalis. J Min Access Surg 2012; 8:93-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Elnahas A, Graybiel K, Farrokhyar F, Gmora S, Anvari M, Hong D. Revisional Surgery After Failed Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: A systematic review. Surg Endosc 2012[In Press].   Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Buchwald H, Estok R, Fahrbach K, Banel D, Jensen MD, Pories WJ, et al. Weight and type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med 2009;122:248-56.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Varela JE, Hinojosa MW, Nguyen NT. Resolution of obstructive sleep apnea after laparoscopic gastric bypass. Obes Surg 2007;17:1279-82.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.Weber M, Müller MK, Michel JM, Belal R, Horber F, Hauser R, et al. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, but not rebanding, should be proposed as rescue procedure for patients with failed laparoscopic gastric banding. Ann Surg 2003;238:827-34.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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