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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 140-144

Two-port vs. three-port laparoscopic appendicectomy: A bridge to least invasive surgery


Department of General Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashwin Rammohan
Department of General Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.103121

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Introduction: The conventional three-port technique for laparoscopic appendicectomy has proven its worth in the management of appendicular pathologies. From a cosmetic viewpoint, the umbilical and suprapubic port-sites are hidden by natural camouflages, the right Iliac fossa (RIF) port is the only visible external sign of surgery. The two-port technique avoids even this marker of abdominal invasion. In this study, we describe the technique of two-port laparoscopic appendicectomy (TPA) and compare it with conventional laparoscopic appendicectomy (CLA). Materials and Methods: All patients studied underwent operation for acute appendicitis during a 6-month period. Data were collected prospectively for the TPA and retrospectively for the CLA. The TPA was performed with one 10 mm umbilical working port and one 5 mm suprapubic camera port. A hypodermic needle was introduced in the RIF to retract the appendix. The appendicular artery was controlled with diathermy or ultrasonic shears. The base was ligated with a loop knotted extracorporeally. CLA was performed via the conventional 10 mm umbilical, 5 mm suprapubic and 5 mm RIF ports. The appendicular stump was ligated with an endoloop or an intracorporeal knot. Results: A total of 146 patients underwent surgery over the 6-month period for appendicitis. Out of 62 cases attempted, the TPA was successful in 51 cases, with conversion to the three-port technique in 11. The operative time, complication rates, return to work were comparable between the two groups. Patients who had TPA had a shorter postoperative stay. Conclusion: This is an initial experience with TPA. There is little difference in the operative time, postoperative stay and complications rates between this technique and the conventional three-port one. There is hence little to be lost and a likely benefit to be gained by performing the TPA although a randomised study is necessary.






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