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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 125-128

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large tumours: Single team experience


Department of General Surgery, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhay N Dalvi
257 Walkeshwar Road, Mumbai - 400 006, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.103110

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Background: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the procedure of choice to treat benign functioning and non-functioning adrenal tumours. With improving experience, large adrenal tumours (> 5 cm) are being successfully tackled by laparoscopy. This study aims to present our single unit experience of LA performed for large adrenal masses. Materials and Methods: Forty-six laparoscopic adrenalectomies performed for large adrenal lesions more than 5 cm during the period 2001 to 2010 were reviewed. Results: A total of 46 adrenalectomies were done in 42 patients. The mean tumour size was 7.03 cm (5-15 cm). Fourteen patients had tumour size more than 8 cm. The lesions were localised on the right side in 17 patients and on the left side in 21 patients with bilateral tumours in 4 patients. Functioning tumours were present in 32 of the 46 patients. The average blood loss was 112 ml (range 20-400 ml) with the mean operating time being 144 min (range 45 to 270 min). Five patients required conversion to open procedure. Three of the 46 patients (6.52%) on final histology had malignant tumours. Conclusion: LA is safe and feasible for large adrenal lesions. Mere size should not be considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic approach in large adrenal masses. Graded approach, good preoperative assessment, team work and adherence to anatomical and surgical principles are the key to success.






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