|Year : 2009 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 75-77
Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman
Fulvio Tagliabue, Paola Acquaro, Gianmaria Confalonieri, Salvatore Spagnolo, Antonio Romelli, Melchiorre Costa
Department of Surgery, 'A. Manzoni' Hospital, Via dell'Eremo 9/11, 23900 Lecco, Italy
|Date of Submission||02-Sep-2008|
|Date of Acceptance||12-Feb-2009|
|Date of Web Publication||23-Dec-2009|
Department of Surgery, "Alessandro Manzoni" Hospital, Via dell'Eremo 9/11, 23900 Lecco
Ovarian cysts are the most common cause of pelvic masses in women, and in the majority of the cases, women are in their fertile age. Today, the surgical treatment has become more conservative and less invasive; hence, a laparoscopic approach in the presence of benign cysts has become a gold standard. Herein, we report a case of a 21-year-old woman referred to our Surgical Department for an abdominal mass, discovered with a computerised tomographic scan, of 20x10 x 25cm arising from the left ovary, treated with the laparoscopic approach.
Keywords: Benign ovarian cyst, laparoscopy, ovary
|How to cite this article:|
Tagliabue F, Acquaro P, Confalonieri G, Spagnolo S, Romelli A, Costa M. Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman. J Min Access Surg 2009;5:75-7
|How to cite this URL:|
Tagliabue F, Acquaro P, Confalonieri G, Spagnolo S, Romelli A, Costa M. Laparoscopic approach for very large benign ovarian cyst in young woman. J Min Access Surg [serial online] 2009 [cited 2014 Mar 7];5:75-7. Available from: http://www.journalofmas.com/text.asp?2009/5/3/75/58502
| ¤ Introduction|| |
Ovarian cysts are most common cause of pelvic masses in women, and in the majority of the cases are women in fertal age. Today the surgical treatment has become more conservative and less invasive, hence laparoscopic approach in presence of benign cysts has become a gold standard.
| ¤ Case Report|| |
A 21-year-old nulligravid woman was seen for the first time at our department after 8 months of progressive abdominal distension without other symptoms. She did not have a family history for cancer. She referred no bowel or urinary disturbance and her periods were regular. On examination, the abdomen was distended by a large abdominal mass that reached above the level of the umbilicus. Transvaginal ultrasonography did not show abnormalities. The abdominal CT scan showed a large simple cyst with a thin wall uniloculated measuring approximately 19 x11 x 26 cm occupying the pelvis, ipo and mesogastrium [Figure 1].
Her serum tumour markers were all within the normal range. The pre-operative evaluation revealed features of a benign cyst, and her general health conditions were good so the authors decided to use the laparoscopic approach. During the operation, the cyst was found to be arising from the left ovary and was about 20 x10 x 25 cm in size. The rest of the abdominal cavity seemed normal [Figure 2]. The cyst had dense adhesions with the left ovary and had many venous vessels. It was impossible to separate the ovary from the cyst. Therefore, the cyst and the ovary were removed en bloc through a suprapubic incision near the hairline.
Before removing the cyst, 4000 ml of clear liquid was aspirated and a sample was taken for the cytological study [Figure 3].
The pathological examination revealed a benign serous cystadenoma. The patient has been discharged 3 days later in good health.
| ¤ Discussion|| |
The employment of laparoscopy for the surgical management of benign ovarian cysts has become popular. Although it is a challenging task when the cysts are large. A randomized prospective study  comparing laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of patients with benign ovarian masses less than 10 cm in diameter reported a significant reduction in operative morbidity, postoperative pain and analgesic requirement, hospital stay and recovery period. However, the same results can be obtained with large cysts also.
In the surgical treatment of benign ovarian cysts in young women, independently of its size, one of the main goals that all surgeons need keep in mind is to preserve the reproductive and hormonal functions of the ovaries and prevent recurrence. However, relatively frequent, this cannot be achieved because the cysts have strong adhesions with the ovary as reported in this paper.
The laparoscopic approach for the removal of cysts with a diameter greater than 10 cm presents different difficulties; the most important are as follows: First, the rupture of the cysts with spillage of its contents during the introduction of a trocar or Veress needle. The authors prefer an open technique with the use of a Hasson trocar near the umbilicus. They did not aspirate the cyst prior to the operation. A recent literature revealed that some authors prefer cyst size reduction prior to laparoscopy and it may be obtained using different techniques such as ultrasound-guided aspiration  or with the use of the Bonanno catheter.  Second, there is a limited visualization and work space that causes difficulties in identifying important structures such as the ureters. Third, the extraction of the cyst is not simple and in the presence of potential malignancy, spillage of the cyst contents could lead to dissemination and seeking where the trocars were placed. The significance of spillage in cases of malignancy is controversial. The concern about spillage of tumour cells and its possible worsening of prognosis arose from early studies of tumour rupture. Dembo et al .  studied the rate of relapse in 519 stage 1 epithelial ovarian cancer patients by logistic regression and multivariate analysis. The only factors that influence tumour relapse were tumour grade, the presence of dense adhesions or the presence of large volume ascites.  Therefore, the intra-operative rupture of tumour did not influence the prognosis. This statement is clearly supported by Sevelda et al .,  who studied the survival of patients with moderately and poorly differentiated stage 1 ovarian carcinoma and they concluded that there is no difference in the survival rate between the patients with intra-operative cyst rupture.
The authors believe that in selecting the patient one must consider both general health conditions and the morphology of the cysts with preoperative imaging indicating benign features of the cysts.
| ¤ References|| |
|1.||Yeun PM, Yu KM, Yip SK, Lau WC, Rogers MS, Chang A. A randomized prospective study of laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of benign ovarian masses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177:109-14. |
|2.||Nagele F, Magos AL. Combined ultrasonographically guided drainage and laparoscopic excision of a large ovarian cyst. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;175:1377-8. |
|3.||Eltabbakh GH, Chaboneau AM, Eltabbakh NG. Laparoscopic surgery for large benign ovarian cysts. Gynecol Oncology 2008;108:72-6. |
|4.||Dembo A, Davy M, Stenwig A. Prognostic factors in patients with stage I epithelial ovarian cancer. Obstet Gynecol 1990;75:263-72. |
|5.||Sevelda P, Dittrich C, Salzer H. Prognostic value of the rupture of the capsule in stage I epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol 1989;35:321-2. |
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]
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